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Alternative forms[edit]


From gaudeō +‎ -ium.


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡau̯, [ˈɡäu̯d̪iʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈɡau̯, [ˈɡäːu̯d̪ium]
  • (file)


gaudium n (genitive gaudiī or gaudī); second declension

  1. joy, delight
    Synonyms: dēlectātiō, voluptās, laetitia, frūctus, alacritās
    Antonyms: maeror, maestitia, aegritūdō, lūctus, trīstitia, trīstitūdō, tristitās, dēsīderium


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gaudium gaudia
Genitive gaudiī
Dative gaudiō gaudiīs
Accusative gaudium gaudia
Ablative gaudiō gaudiīs
Vocative gaudium gaudia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  1. ^ “gaug” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Further reading[edit]

  • gaudium”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gaudium”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gaudium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to weep for joy: gaudio lacrimare
    • to give pleasure to some one: afficere aliquem gaudio, laetitia
    • to be filled with delight: gaudio perfundi
    • to add the crowning point to a person's joy: cumulum gaudii alicui afferre (vid. sect. V. 6) (Fam. 16. 21. 1)
    • to utter cries of joy: gaudio, laetitia exsultare
    • to be beside oneself with joy: gaudio, laetitia efferri
    • to almost lose one's reason from excess of joy: nimio gaudio paene desipere