fructus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰruHg-

Perfect passive participle of fruor ‎(have the benefit of, use, enjoy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fructus m ‎(genitive fructūs); fourth declension

  1. enjoyment, delight, satisfaction
  2. produce, product, fruit
  3. profit, yield, output, income
  4. (by extension) effect, result, return, reward, success

Usage notes[edit]

Please note that there is a disagreement over whether or not there is a macron on the first syllable (frūctus for fructus).

Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative fructus fructūs
genitive fructūs fructuum
dative fructuī fructibus
accusative fructum fructūs
ablative fructū fructibus
vocative fructus fructūs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Participle[edit]

fructus m ‎(feminine fructa, neuter fructum); first/second declension

  1. enjoyed, having derived pleasure from

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative fructus fructa fructum fructī fructae fructa
genitive fructī fructae fructī fructōrum fructārum fructōrum
dative fructō fructō fructīs
accusative fructum fructam fructum fructōs fructās fructa
ablative fructō fructā fructō fructīs
vocative fructe fructa fructum fructī fructae fructa

References[edit]

  • fructus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • fructus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to derive (great) profit , advantage from a thing: fructum (uberrimum) capere, percipere, consequi ex aliqua re
    • (great) advantage accrues to me from this: fructus ex hac re redundant in or ad me
    • I am benefited by a thing: aliquid ad meum fructum redundat
    • to reap: fructus demetere or percipere
    • to harvest crops: fructus condere (N. D. 2. 62. 156)