goy

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See also: Goy, göy, gøy, and goþ

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Yiddishגוי(goy, gentile), from Hebrewגּוֹי(goi, nation).

Compare Exodus 19:6: ⁧ממלכת כהנים וגוי קדוש(mamlekhet kohanim wegoy qadosh, [] a kingdom of priests and a holy nation) (referring to the Jewish people). The word goy technically refers not to non-Jews, but rather to a nation per se; the Jews are said to constitute a “goy”. But through common usage – namely referring to "the [other non-Jewish] nations" – the word came to colloquially refer to non-Jews.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡɔɪ/
    • (file)
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪ

Noun[edit]

goy (plural goyim or goys or goyem)

  1. (sometimes offensive) A non-Jew, a gentile.
    Synonyms: gentile, non-Jew, (pejorative) akum, (pejorative) shegetz, (pejorative) shkotz
    Hyponym: (female) shiksa
    • 1988, Anthony Burgess, Any Old Iron:
      I don’t think that marriage is working, but I’m not going to be stupid about it and say she shouldn’t have married a goy.

Usage notes[edit]

This noun is sometimes taken to be offensive; speakers wishing to avoid offense may prefer the term gentile (sometimes capitalized as Gentile) or simply non-Jew.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Anguthimri[edit]

Noun[edit]

goy

  1. (Mpakwithi) buck wallaby

References[edit]

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 186

Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrewגוי⁩.

Noun[edit]

goy m (Latin spelling, Hebrew spellingגוי⁩, plural goyim, feminine goya)

  1. goy, gentile, non-Jew

Further reading[edit]

  • Aitor García Moreno, editor (2013–), “goy, yá”, in Diccionario Histórico Judeoespañol (in Spanish), CSIC
  • Aitor García Moreno, editor (2013–), “goyim”, in Diccionario Histórico Judeoespañol (in Spanish), CSIC

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

goy m or f by sense (plural goys)

  1. Alternative spelling of gói

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly by influence from English guy, by association with gay.

Noun[edit]

goy m (plural goys)

  1. a homosexual male who does not assume himself as such; a closeted gay

References[edit]

  • "Goy" in Dicionário Informal.

Salar[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *koń. Compare to Turkish koyun, Kazakh қой (qoi), Southern Altai кой (koy), Azerbaijani qoyun, etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Chahandusi, Qingshui, Hanbahe, Baizhuang, Mengda, Ejia, Daowei, Xunhua, Qinghai, Ili, Yining, Xinjiang) IPA(key): [qoj]
  • (Jiezi, Gaizi, Xunhua, Qinghai) IPA(key): [koj]

Noun[edit]

goy (3rd person possessive goyı, plural goylar)

  1. sheep
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Tenishev, Edhem (1976), “qoi”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow, page 386, 463
  • 马伟 (Ma Wei), 朝克 (Chao Ke) (2016), “qoy”, in 濒危语言——撒拉语研究 [Endangered Languages ​​- Salar Language Studies], 青海 (Qinghai): 国家社会科学基金项目 (National Social Science Foundation Project), page 263
  • Ma, Chengjun; Han, Lianye; Ma, Weisheng (December 2010), “qoy”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 234
  • 林 (Lin), 莲云 (Lianyun) (1985), “goy”, in 撒拉语简志 [A Brief History of Salar], Beijing: 民族出版社: 琴書店, →OCLC, page 4
  • Yakup, Abdurishid (2002), “goy”, in An Ili Salar Vocabulary: Introduction and a Provisional Salar-English Lexicon, Tokyo: University of Tokyo, →ISBN, page 107

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

goy

  1. to put