Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: jew
- Joo (humorous, informal form)
From Middle English Jew, Giu, Giw, Ju, from Old French juiu, Giu, gyu, from Latin iūdaeus (“Judean (i.e. Jew)”), from Ancient Greek Ἰουδαῖος (Ioudaîos), from Hebrew יְהוּדִי (Yehudi). Doublet of Yehudi. Displaced Old English Iūdēisċ.
- enPR: jo͞o, IPA(key): /d͡ʒuː/, /d͡ʒuʊ̯/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -uː
- Homophone: dew (with yod coalescence)
Jew (plural Jews)
- An adherent of Judaism.
- Both Jews and Muslims refrain from eating pork.
- Synonym: Judaist
- Antonyms: gentile, goy
- Hypernyms: Abrahamist, Judeo-Christian, monotheist
- Hyponyms: halakhist, Orthodox Jew, rabbi
- A member or descendant of the Jewish people.
- Many Jews eat bagels.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:Jew
- Antonyms: gentile, goy
- Hypernyms: Hebrew, Israelite
- Hyponyms: Ashkenazi, Jewess, Mizrahi, Romaniote, Sephardi
- c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene i]:
- Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs
dimensions, senses, affections, passions; fed with
the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject
to the same diseases, heal'd by the same means,
warm'd and cool'd by the same winter and summer
as a Christian is?
- 1925 July – 1926 May, A[rthur] Conan Doyle, “(please specify the chapter number)”, in The Land of Mist (eBook no. 0601351h.html), Australia: Project Gutenberg Australia, published April 2019:
- The wrongs of a Jew are not lightly forgotten, for the race can both love and hate.
- 1996 March 1, The Australian Jewish News, page 33, column 1:
- A young Australian Jew engaged on the trip of a lifetime finally arrives in the homeland of his people.
- (derogatory) A miserly or greedy person; a cheapskate.
- 2010, Matthew S. Hiley, Hubris Falls, page 111:
- “Jesus, Williams, you're such a Jew,” Jimmy said in an annoyed, high-pitched tone. “Have you ever just paid a check, or do you always make an ass of yourself?”
- (naval, slang) A ship's tailor.
- There is an archaic plural Jewes.
- The Jewish community is often defined as having a common religion, culture, identity, and ethnicity, but individual Jews do not necessarily share all of these; therefore, a person might be a Jew by one standpoint but not by another. Additionally, there are some religious groups that identify themselves as part of Judaism, but that other Jewish groups might not; hence, use of the term Jew often depends on the speaker's opinions. See Who is a Jew?.
- The noun Jew is not colloquially taken to be a slur, and the overwhelming majority of English-speaking Jews use the noun Jew to identify themselves. That said, it has become offensive for historical reasons to use the word Jew attributively, in modifying another noun (as in "Jew lawyer"); the adjective Jewish is preferred for this purpose. Additionally, the derived verbs jew and jew down are considered offensive, as they reflect stereotypes considered offensive.
- (religionists) religionist; agnostic, Asatruar, atheist, Baháʼí, Buddhist, Christian, deist, Druid, Druze, Eckist, heathen, Hindu, Jain, Jedi, Jew, Jucheist, Mormon, Mormonist, Muslim, Odinist, pagan, Pastafarian, Raëlian, Rastafarian, Rodnover, Samaritan, Shintoist, Sikh, Taoist, Unitarian Universalist, Wiccan, Yahwist, Yazidi, Zoroastrian (Category: en:Religion) 
- electric Jew
- jew, Jew (verb)
- Jew nose
- Jew's frankincense
- Jew's harp
- Jew's harpist
- Jew's house
- Jew's mallow
- Jew's myrtle
- Jew's pitch
- Jew World Order
- Jew York
- wandering Jew, Wandering Jew
- Sranan Tongo: Dyu
person of the Jewish faith
member or descendant of the Jewish people
Jew (plural Jews)
- A surname.
Jew (third-person singular simple present Jews, present participle Jewing, simple past and past participle Jewed)
- (chiefly offensive, transitive) To make (more) Jewish.
- 1991, E. Sicher, The Jewing of Skylock: Wesker's The Merchant” (MLS 21 (1991), 57–69)
- 2010 August 31, William N. West, Renaissance Drama 38, Northwestern University Press, →ISBN, page 111:
- Portia's “Jewing” of Shylock has long been noticed by many critics. For an early example see, for example, the anonymous essay “shylock the Jew-ed,” Temple Bar 45 (1875): 65–70. 45. These words have potentially “commercial” etymologies, […]
- 2014 August 19, Noach Dzmura, Balancing on the Mechitza: Transgender in Jewish Community, North Atlantic Books, →ISBN, page 48:
- Queering the Jew and Jewing the Queer [by] Ri J. Turner. Editor's Note: Interlaced with personal narrative, Ri Turner's essay contributes to an ongoing discussion within Jewish gender studies concerning the relationship between Jewishness and queerness and factors the term genderqueer into both sides of the equation.
- (offensive) To haggle or swindle in order to obtain a better deal from.
- 2009 August 1, Scott Gann, For a Minute, I Lost Myself: The Past and Present of a Schizophrenic, Lulu.com, →ISBN, page 455:
- I just feel like you are Jewing me out of my money. I never asked you to give me anything the entire time that you were not working. Your mom told me that you got a lot of money from the insurance that Warren gave you.
- 2013 December 13, Frank Meeink; Jody Roy, Autobiography of a Recovering Skinhead: The Frank Meeink Story as Told to Jody M. Roy, Ph.D., Hawthorne Books, →ISBN:
- Then that bastard Keith showed up and did something even worse than Jewing me out of my pay: he blew the living freaking crap out of the one and only stereotype I still had to hold on to. He thanked me for my hard work, […]
- 2020 March 31, Julius Bailey, Racism, Hypocrisy, and Bad Faith: A Moral Challenge to the America I Love, Broadview Press, →ISBN:
- In the neighborhood I grew up in, it was common for haggling over price to include the admonition “stop Jewing me!” Even as children, we would say this. It goes without saying that this was an insensitive term […]
- Hanks, Patrick, editor (2003), “Jew”, in Dictionary of American Family Names, volume 2, New York City: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 250.
From Old French juiu, from Latin iūdaeus, from Ancient Greek Ἰουδαῖος (Ioudaîos), from Hebrew יְהוּדִי (y'hudí); Doublet of Judew.
Jew (plural Jewes)
- Jew (member of the Jewish people)
- Jew (adherent of Judaism)
- Israelite (inhabitant of Biblical Israel)
Declension of Jew
- “Jeu, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms derived from Old French
- English terms derived from Latin
- English terms derived from Ancient Greek
- English terms derived from Hebrew
- English doublets
- English 1-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- Rhymes:English/uː/1 syllable
- English terms with homophones
- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- English terms with usage examples
- English terms with quotations
- English derogatory terms
- English slang
- English proper nouns
- English countable proper nouns
- English surnames
- English verbs
- English offensive terms
- English transitive verbs
- Middle English terms borrowed from Old French
- Middle English terms derived from Old French
- Middle English terms derived from Latin
- Middle English terms derived from Ancient Greek
- Middle English terms derived from Hebrew
- Middle English doublets
- Middle English terms with IPA pronunciation
- Middle English lemmas
- Middle English nouns