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See also: Ἰουδαῖος
The terms used in Greek for the Jewish people vary in their shades of meaning:
- Εβραίος m (Evraíos) refers to the Hebrews and their religious background and the associated religious culture. It is the dominant word in use today for the Jews in general.
- Ιουδαίος m (Ioudaíos) is an older term and covers ethnic, religious, historical and cultural meanings.
- Ισραηλίτης m (Israïlítis) covers only the religious aspect.
- Ισραηλινός m (Israïlinós) is a term for anyone who lives or is from the modern state of Israel.