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From dēsīderō (want, desire, wish for; miss, lack, need) +‎ -ium.



dēsīderium n (genitive dēsīderiī or dēsīderī); second declension

  1. longing, desire, wish (especially for something once possessed)
    Synonyms: cupīdō, appetītus, studium, appetītiō, amor, ardor, libīdō, inclīnātiō, prōpēnsiō, avāritia
  2. grief, regret (desire for something lost)
    Synonyms: maeror, maestitia, trīstitia, trīstitūdō, tristitās, cūra, aegritūdō, lūctus
    Antonym: lascīvia
  3. need, necessity
    Synonyms: egestās, pēnūria, paupertās, necessitās, inopia, indigentia, ūsus, opus
    Antonyms: dīvitiae, opulentia
  4. (in the plural) pleasures, desires


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dēsīderium dēsīderia
Genitive dēsīderiī
Dative dēsīderiō dēsīderiīs
Accusative dēsīderium dēsīderia
Ablative dēsīderiō dēsīderiīs
Vocative dēsīderium dēsīderia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Related terms[edit]



  • desiderium”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • desiderium”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • desiderium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • desiderium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to long for a thing, yearn for it: desiderio alicuius rei teneri, affici (more strongly flagrare, incensum esse)
    • to be consumed with longing: desiderio exardescere