luctus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perfect passive participle of lūgeō.

Participle[edit]

lūctus m (feminine lūcta, neuter lūctum); first/second declension

  1. mourned, grieved, lamented

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative lūctus lūcta lūctum lūctī lūctae lūcta
genitive lūctī lūctae lūctī lūctōrum lūctārum lūctōrum
dative lūctō lūctō lūctīs
accusative lūctum lūctam lūctum lūctōs lūctās lūcta
ablative lūctō lūctā lūctō lūctīs
vocative lūcte lūcta lūctum lūctī lūctae lūcta

Noun[edit]

lūctus m (genitive lūctūs); fourth declension

  1. grief, sorrow, mourning
  2. lamentation

Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative lūctus lūctūs
genitive lūctūs lūctuum
dative lūctuī lūctibus
accusative lūctum lūctūs
ablative lūctū lūctibus
vocative lūctus lūctūs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • luctus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • luctus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • luctus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to suffer affliction: in luctu esse (Sest. 14. 32)
    • some one's death has plunged me in grief: mors alicuius luctum mihi attulit
    • to be overwhelmed by a great affliction: in maximos luctus incidere
    • to undergo severe trouble, trials: magnum luctum haurire (without ex-)
    • to feel sorrow about a thing: luctum percipere ex aliqua re
    • to banish all sad thoughts: omnem luctum plane abstergere
    • to lay aside one's grief: luctum deponere (Phil. 14. 13. 34)
    • time assuages the most violent grief: vel maximos luctus vetustate tollit diuturnitas (Fam. 5. 16. 5)
  • luctus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray