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From Proto-Indo-European *lewǵ-. Cognate with Ancient Greek λευγαλέος (leugaléos), λυγρός (lugrós).



lūgeō (present infinitive lūgēre, perfect active lūxī, supine lūctum); second conjugation

  1. I mourn, grieve, lament.
    Beati, qui lugent: quoniam ipsi consolabuntur.
    Blessed are they who mourn, for they shall be comforted. — Vulgate, Mt 5, 5


  • Please note that there is a disagreement over whether or not there is a macron on the third and fourth principal parts for the first syllable and for the subsequent verb forms from these (lūxī for luxī and lūctum for luctum).
   Conjugation of lugeo (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present lūgeō lūgēs lūget lūgēmus lūgētis lūgent
imperfect lūgēbam lūgēbās lūgēbat lūgēbāmus lūgēbātis lūgēbant
future lūgēbō lūgēbis lūgēbit lūgēbimus lūgēbitis lūgēbunt
perfect lūxī lūxistī lūxit lūximus lūxistis lūxērunt, lūxēre
pluperfect lūxeram lūxerās lūxerat lūxerāmus lūxerātis lūxerant
future perfect lūxerō lūxeris lūxerit lūxerimus lūxeritis lūxerint
passive present lūgeor lūgēris, lūgēre lūgētur lūgēmur lūgēminī lūgentur
imperfect lūgēbar lūgēbāris, lūgēbāre lūgēbātur lūgēbāmur lūgēbāminī lūgēbantur
future lūgēbor lūgēberis, lūgēbere lūgēbitur lūgēbimur lūgēbiminī lūgēbuntur
perfect lūctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect lūctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect lūctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present lūgeam lūgeās lūgeat lūgeāmus lūgeātis lūgeant
imperfect lūgērem lūgērēs lūgēret lūgērēmus lūgērētis lūgērent
perfect lūxerim lūxerīs lūxerit lūxerīmus lūxerītis lūxerint
pluperfect lūxissem lūxissēs lūxisset lūxissēmus lūxissētis lūxissent
passive present lūgear lūgeāris, lūgeāre lūgeātur lūgeāmur lūgeāminī lūgeantur
imperfect lūgērer lūgērēris, lūgērēre lūgērētur lūgērēmur lūgērēminī lūgērentur
perfect lūctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect lūctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present lūgē lūgēte
future lūgētō lūgētō lūgētōte lūgentō
passive present lūgēre lūgēminī
future lūgētor lūgētor lūgentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives lūgēre lūxisse lūctūrus esse lūgērī lūctus esse lūctum īrī
participles lūgēns lūctūrus lūctus lūgendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
lūgēre lūgendī lūgendō lūgendum lūctum lūctū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]