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See also: gémó and ĝemo


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  • IPA(key): /ˈɡemo/
  • Hyphenation: ge‧mo


gemo (accusative singular gemon, plural gemoj, accusative plural gemojn)

  1. gemstone (precious stone)

See also[edit]




  1. first-person singular present indicative of gemere




From the same Proto-Indo-European root common as Ancient Greek γέμω (gémō, to be full), Ancient Greek γόμος (gómos, load; cargo), Lithuanian gùmstu (to grasp)[1]



gemō (present infinitive gemere, perfect active gemuī, supine gemitum); third conjugation

  1. I sigh, groan.
  2. (of things) I creak.
  3. I bemoan, lament.


  • In practice, the passive forms are not used except for the third-person.
   Conjugation of gemō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present gemō gemis gemit gemimus gemitis gemunt
imperfect gemēbam gemēbās gemēbat gemēbāmus gemēbātis gemēbant
future gemam gemēs gemet gemēmus gemētis gement
perfect gemuī gemuistī gemuit gemuimus gemuistis gemuērunt, gemuēre
pluperfect gemueram gemuerās gemuerat gemuerāmus gemuerātis gemuerant
future perfect gemuerō gemueris gemuerit gemuerimus gemueritis gemuerint
passive present gemor gemeris, gemere gemitur gemimur gemiminī gemuntur
imperfect gemēbar gemēbāris, gemēbāre gemēbātur gemēbāmur gemēbāminī gemēbantur
future gemar gemēris, gemēre gemētur gemēmur gemēminī gementur
perfect gemitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect gemitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect gemitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present gemam gemās gemat gemāmus gemātis gemant
imperfect gemerem gemerēs gemeret gemerēmus gemerētis gemerent
perfect gemuerim gemuerīs gemuerit gemuerīmus gemuerītis gemuerint
pluperfect gemuissem gemuissēs gemuisset gemuissēmus gemuissētis gemuissent
passive present gemar gemāris, gemāre gemātur gemāmur gemāminī gemantur
imperfect gemerer gemerēris, gemerēre gemerētur gemerēmur gemerēminī gemerentur
perfect gemitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect gemitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present geme gemite
future gemitō gemitō gemitōte gemuntō
passive present gemere gemiminī
future gemitor gemitor gemuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives gemere gemuisse gemitūrum esse gemī gemitum esse gemitum īrī
participles gemēns gemitūrus gemitus gemendus, gemundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
gemendī gemendō gemendum gemendō gemitum gemitū

Derived terms[edit]


  • Eastern Romance:
    • Aromanian: dzem, dzemu
    • Romanian: geme
  • Italian: gemere
  • Old French: giembre
  • Old Occitan:
  • Old Leonese:
  • Old Portuguese: gemer
  • Old Spanish: emer
    • Spanish: gemir (semi-learned borrowing)
  • Rhaeto-Romance:
  • Venetian: xemer
  • ? Albanian: gjëmoj, glëmoj
  • French: gémir
  • Vulgar Latin: *gemicāre


  • gemo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gemo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gemo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • gemo in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  1. ^ Walde, Alois; Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1938) , “gemo”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume I, 3rd edition, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 588




  1. First-person singular (eu) present indicative of gemer