draft

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

A phonetic spelling of draught.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

draft (countable and uncountable, plural drafts)

  1. A current of air, usually coming into a room or vehicle.
  2. Draw through a flue of gasses (smoke) resulting from a combustion process.
  3. An act of drinking.
  4. The quantity of liquid (such as water, alcohol, or medicine) drunk in one swallow.
    to drink at a draft
    She took a deep draft from the bottle of water.
  5. A dose (of medicine, alcohol, etc.)
  6. Beer drawn from a cask or keg rather than a bottle or can.
  7. (nautical) Depth of water needed to float a ship; depth below the water line to the bottom of a vessel's hull; depth of water drawn by a vessel.
  8. An early version of a written work (such as a book or e-mail) or drawing.
    I have to revise the first draft of my term paper.
    His first drafts were better than most authors' final products.
  9. A preliminary sketch or outline for a plan.
  10. A cheque, an order for money to be paid.
  11. Conscription, the system of forcing people to serve in the military.
    He left the country to avoid the draft.
  12. (politics) A system of forcing or convincing people to take an elected position.
  13. (sports) A system of assigning rookie players to professional sports teams.
  14. (rail transport) The pulling force (tension) on couplers and draft gear during a slack stretched condition.
  15. The bevel given to the pattern for a casting, so that it can be drawn from the sand without damaging the mould.
  16. (possibly archaic) The action or an act (especially of a beast of burden or vehicle) of pulling something along or back.
    • 1988, Kenneth W. Russell, Afther Eden, page 39:
      In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century in the U.S., "strong" ploughs requiring the draft of four and sometimes six oxen were frequently used for breaking land which had previously lain fallow for several years.
    using oxen for draft   shot forth an arrow with a mighty draft
  17. (possibly archaic) The act of drawing in a net for fish.
  18. (possibly archaic) That which is drawn in; a catch, a haul.
    he cast his net, which brought him a very great draft
  19. A quantity that is requisitioned or drawn out from a larger population.
    • 1841, Alexander Walker, Intermarriage, page 325:
      As an instance: amongst a draft of young hounds from Earl F itzwilliam's was one, of whom Will Deane, his huntsman, made this remark in his letter, 'that he could not guess at Lord Foley's dislike to the hound called Glider, then sent, which was of the best blood in the country, being got by Mr. Meynell's Glider out of Lord Fitzwilliam's Blossom, and was moreover the most promising young hound he had ever entered;...
    • 1904, Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons, Sessional papers. Inventory control record 1 - Volume 42, page 83:
      These drafts left between the 17th March and 28th April. After this there was no regular system of artillery drafts. A draft of 80 was detailed to take charge of horses on board ship as all cavalry drafts were for the time exhausted, and this draft sailed on the 30th June.
    • 1982, John Maxwell, ‎Brian Edmund Lloyd, ‎Bertha Mac Smith, Letters of John Maxwell, Superintendent of Government Stock, page 206:
      The Complaint about the Beef lately furnished for the use of the Troops &c at Parramatta, is not without foundation; when I commenced supplying the several Stations with animal food in January last, — a Draft of very fat Oxen was brought from Wellington for that purpose, — that draft has met the consumption of several Stations until now. — the Cattle lately remaining fell very much off in condition, though I certainly consider they were not inferior to a great deal of Beef, I have seen taken from Contractors.
    • 1993, Lord Anglesey, A History of the British Cavalry 1816-1919: Volume 2: 1851-1871:
      An earlier draft of horses for the 4th Light Dragoons, however,was very different.
    • 2009, Philip Warner, A Cavalryman in the Crimea:
      The Light Brigade have got a draft of about 250 horses from England, and we expect ours shortly.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

draft (third-person singular simple present drafts, present participle drafting, simple past and past participle drafted)

  1. (transitive) To write a first version, make a preliminary sketch.
  2. To draw in outline; to make a draught, sketch, or plan of, as in architectural and mechanical drawing.
  3. To write a law.
  4. (transitive) To conscript a person, force a person to serve in some capacity, especially in the military.
    He was drafted during the Vietnam War.
  5. To select someone (or something) for a particular role or purpose.
    There was a campaign to draft Smith to run for President.
    They drafted me to be the chairperson of the new committee.
    • 1960 May, “Southern Newsreel”, in Trains Illustrated, page 315, photo caption:
      Class "H16" 4-6-2T No. 30516 has been drafted to the Fawley branch and is here seen working a 747-ton test train across Frost Lane crossing, near Hythe, on March 6 [...].
  6. To select and separate an animal or animals from a group.
    The calves were drafted from the cows.
  7. (transitive, sports) To select a rookie player onto a professional sports team.
    After his last year of college football, he was drafted by the Miami Dolphins.
  8. (intransitive) To follow very closely behind another vehicle, thereby providing an aerodynamic advantage to both lead and follower and conserving energy or increasing speed.
  9. To draw out; to call forth.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Addison to this entry?)
  10. To draw fibers out of a clump, for spinning in the production of yarn.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

draft (not comparable)

  1. (not comparable) Referring to drinks on tap, in contrast to bottled.
    I'd rather have a fresh, cheap draft beer.
  2. Referring to animals used for pulling heavy loads.
    A Clydesdale is a draft horse.

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English draw

Noun[edit]

draft n (definite singular draftet, indefinite plural draft or drafter, definite plural drafta or draftene)

  1. nautical chart

Usage notes[edit]

Although this word is in common use, it is noted as a misnomer, see references.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English draw

Noun[edit]

draft n (definite singular draftet, indefinite plural draft, definite plural drafta)
draft f (definite singular drafta, indefinite plural drafter, definite plural draftene)

  1. nautical chart

Usage notes[edit]

Although this word is in common use, it is noted as a misnomer, see Bokmål references.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

draft m (plural drafts)

  1. draft (in sports)