hull

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See also: Hull and hüll

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hul (seed covering), from Old English hulu (seed covering), from Proto-Germanic *hul- (compare Dutch hul (hood), German Hülle, Hülse (cover, veil)), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide); or possibly from Proto-Indo-European *kal- (hard) (compare Old Irish calad, calath (hard), Latin callus, callum (rough skin), Old Church Slavonic калити (kaliti, to cool, harden)). For the sense development, compare French coque (nutshell; ship's hull), Ancient Greek φάσηλος (phásēlos, bean pod; yacht).

Noun[edit]

hull (plural hulls)

  1. The outer covering of a fruit or seed.
  2. Any covering.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (outer covering of fruit or seed): husk, shell
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hull (third-person singular simple present hulls, present participle hulling, simple past and past participle hulled)

  1. To remove the outer covering of a fruit or seed.
    She sat on the back porch hulling peanuts.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Origin uncertain; perhaps the same word as Etymology 1, above.

Noun[edit]

hull (plural hulls)

  1. The body or frame of a vessel, such as a ship or plane.
    • 1667, John Dryden, Annus Mirabilis, Quatrain 60, 1808, The Works of John Dryden, Volume 9, page 115,
      Deep in their hulls our deadly bullets light, / And through the yielding planks a passage find.
  2. (mathematics, geometry, of a set A) The smallest set that possesses a particular property (such as convexity) and contains every point of A; slightly more formally, the intersection of all sets which possess the specified property and of which A is a subset.
    The orthogonal convex hull of an orthogonal polygon is the smallest orthogonally convex polygon that encloses the original polygon.
    holomorphically convex hull; affine hull; injective hull

Synonyms[edit]

  • (frame of a vessel): fuselage (of a winged aircraft)
  • (smallest set containing a given set of points): span

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hull (third-person singular simple present hulls, present participle hulling, simple past and past participle hulled)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive, nautical) To drift; to be carried by the impetus of wind or water on the ship's hull alone, with sails furled.
  2. (transitive) To hit (a ship) in the hull with cannon fire etc.
    • 1774, George Shelvocke, The Voyage of Captain Shelvock Round the World in David Henry (ed.), An Historical Account of All the Voyages Round the World, Performed by English Navigators, London: F. Newbery, Volume 2, p. 163,[3]
      During this action, we had not a man killed or wounded, although the enemy often hulled us, and once, in particular, a shot coming into one of our ports, dismounted one of our guns between decks []

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *hullu. Cognate to Finnish hullu and Livonian ull.

Adjective[edit]

hull (genitive hullu, partitive hullu)

  1. crazy, mad

Declension[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hull

  1. (intransitive) to fall
    Hull a hó.It's snowing. (literally, “The snow is falling.”)
    térdre hullto fall on one's knees
  2. (intransitive, of tears) to flow
  3. (intransitive, of hair) to fall out
  4. (intransitive) to die (in large quantities)
    Hullanak, mint a legyek.They are dying off like flies.

Conjugation[edit]

or

Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

Further reading[edit]

  • hull in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’An Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hól

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

hull n (definite singular hullet, indefinite plural hull or huller, definite plural hulla or hullene)

  1. a hole
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

hull

  1. imperative of hulle

See also[edit]

References[edit]