hazudik

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as hazug (untruthful, lying) +‎ -d (frequentative suffix) + -ik.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈhɒzudik]
  • Hyphenation: ha‧zu‧dik
  • Rhymes: -udik

Verb[edit]

hazudik

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to lie (to tell an untruth with intent to deceive)

Usage notes[edit]

This verb is called a pseudo-ik verb, as its -ik ending only presents itself in the 3rd-person singular (indicative present) form, but it is not an -ik verb in any other aspect. As a result, it cannot take the -om/-em/-öm ending in the 1st-person singular (indicative present) form, even in the most erudite style, only -ok/-ek/-ök. Naturally, the optional -m ending cannot appear, either, in their subjunctive or conditional 1st-person singular forms, so only -jak/-jek and -nék is possible in these respective forms. Similarly, the archaic -ék is not possible, either, in the subjunctive or conditional 3rd-person singular forms, i.e. -jék or -nék, only -jon/-jen-jön can appear as their subjunctive 3rd-person singular forms and -na/-ne as their conditional 3rd-person singular forms. These verbs include the following: bomlik, (el)bújik, (meg)érik, (le)folyik, (össze)gyűlik, hazudik, (le)hullik, (bele)/(oda)illik, (meg)jelenik, (el)kopik, (el)múlik, ömlik, (meg)születik, (meg)szűnik, (meg)telik, tojik, (el)törik, (el)/(fel)tűnik, (el)válik, and (el)züllik. (Ki)nyílik partially belongs here, as it cannot take the first-person -om ending but it can take the third-person -jék.

Conjugation[edit]

Note: The verbal noun hazudás is frequently replaced by hazugság.

Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ hazudik in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]