-ik

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See also: ik, Ik, IK, ik', ik-, and -ík

Abenaki[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of some animate words.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Often used to form the plurals of words (especially nouns denoting people who have particular occupations or activities) which end in the consonant d or t (which causes the d or t to mutate into j: nodabônkad, "baker" → nodabônkajik, "bakers"); only rarely used to form the plurals of words ending in other letters (nodkwaag, notkwahag, "pilot" → nodkwaagik, notkwahagik, "pilots").
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Azerbaijani[edit]

Suffix[edit]

preceding vowel
A / I E / Ə / İ O / U Ö / Ü
postconsonantal -ıq -ik -uq -ük
postvocalic -yıq -yik -yuq -yük

-ik

  1. First-person plural present simple copula
    1. [we] are

Basque[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. Partitive suffix.
    etxe (house) + ‎-ik → ‎etxerik (any house?)
  2. Adverbial suffix, -ly
    poz (joy) + ‎-ik → ‎pozik (happy, happily)

Declension[edit]

Basque inflectional suffixes
indefinite singular plural proximal plural
absolutive -∅ -a -ak -ok
ergative -k, -ek -ak -ek
dative -ri, -i -ari -ei -oi
genitive -ren, -en -aren -en -on
comitative -rekin, -ekin -arekin -ekin -okin
causative -rengatik, -engatik -arengatik -engatik -ongatik
benefactive -rentzat, -entzat -arentzat -entzat -ontzat
instrumental -z, -ez -az -ez -oz
inessive anim. -rengan, -engan -arengan -engan -oengan
inanim. -tan, -etan -an -etan -otan
locative anim.
inanim. -tako, -etako -ko, -eko -etako -otako
allative anim. -rengana, -engana -arengana -engana -ongana
inanim. -tara, -etara -ra, -era -etara -otara
terminative anim. -renganaino, -enganaino -arenganaino -enganaino -onganaino
inanim. -taraino, -etaraino -raino, -eraino -etaraino -otaraino
directive anim. -renganantz, -enganantz -arenganantz -enganantz -onganantz
inanim. -tarantz, -etarantz -rantz, -erantz -etarantz -otarantz
destinative anim. -renganako, -enganako -arenganako -enganako -onganako
inanim. -tarako, -etarako -rako, -erako -etarako -otarako
ablative anim. -rengandik, -engandik -arengandik -engandik -ongandik
inanim. -tatik, -etatik -tik, -etik -etik -otik
partitive -rik, -ik
prolative -tzat
The forms shown first are used when the ending is a vowel, the ones after the comma when it is a consonant.

Derived terms[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-ikko.

Suffix[edit]

-ik (genitive -iku, partitive -ikut)

  1. Derives nouns from numerals, with the meaning "group of".
    kaks (two)kaksik (twin, group of two)
    kolm (three)kolmik (triplet, group of three)
    neli (four)nelik (quadruplet, four of a kind (poker), group of four)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin -icus and Ancient Greek -ικός (-ikós).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /-ɪk/
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. forms feminine nouns referring to fields of study
  2. forms feminine collective nouns
  3. forms feminine nouns referring to characteristics

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. (adjective-forming suffix) A unique identification suffix. Specifies which one of a specific set of things/persons. Used with adjectives. See usage notes below.
    rosszabb (worse)a rosszabbik (the worse one)
    más (different)(egy) másik (another one)a másik (“the other one”)
    A nagyobbik szobában Péter lakik.Peter lives in the bigger room (out of a specific set of rooms).
Usage notes[edit]
  • (adjective-forming suffix) The -ik creates a determining or specifying adjective from a comparative adjective so it will answer the question melyik? (which?). In a few cases it takes not a comparative but a positive adjective, which already incorporates the idea of comparison (e.g. más (different)). It is very often used with a definite article (a/az (the)).
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Possessive suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. possessive suffix for multiple possessions if there is no noun for the possessor:
    1. their ……-s (third-person plural; the pronoun ő (s/he) (!) being optional for emphasis)
      kapu (gate)a kapuik, az ő kapuik (their gates)
      érme (coin)az érméik, az ő érméik (their coins)
    2. (formal) your ……-s (second-person plural, grammatically resembling the third person plural)
      kapu (gate)a kapuik (your [formal, plural] gates), alternatively: az önök kapui, a maguk kapui (!)
      érme (coin)az érméik (your [formal, plural] coins), alternatively: az önök érméi, a maguk érméi (!)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -ik is added to words ending in a vowel except -i. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -aik is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -eik is added to some front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jaik is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i
    -jeik is added to some front-vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i

Etymology 3[edit]

Personal suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. (personal suffix) The ending of a large group of passive/reflexive verbs in indefinite third-person singular present tense, their dictionary form.
    Sokat utazik.S/he travels a lot.
  2. (personal suffix) Used to form the definite third-person plural present indicative of (front-vowel) verbs.
    Coordinate term: (for back-vowel verbs) -ják
    Megnézik a filmet.They will see the movie.
    [from megnéz (to look at, to see), indicating a definite object, here required by a (the)]
Usage notes[edit]

The above two senses are usually not difficult to distinguish if one knows whether the dictionary form of the verb ends in -ik. If it does, it is usually not a transitive verb (since most -ik verbs have a passive or reflexive meaning) so it will be probably an (indefinite) singular. On the other hand, if the dictionary form of the verb has no -ik, the only option is the definite plural. Eszik (’to eat’) is one of the few -ik verbs that are transitive. In such a case, one needs to rely on the definiteness of the object. For more details, see its Usage notes.

  • (personal suffix, definite conjugation) See harmonic variants in the table below.
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English -ic, from Old French -ique, from Latin -icus, from Proto-Indo-European *-kos, *-ḱos, formed with the i-stem suffix *-i- and the adjectival suffix *-kos, *-ḱos.

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. -ic.
    analitikanalytic

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ik is often appears as loaned words from English. Many words with this suffix have synonyms with suffix -is which loaned from Dutch. However, the Dutch-loaned -is is seemingly preferred over -ik. Never used in chemical compound sense.

Derived terms[edit]

Category Indonesian terms suffixed with -ik not found

Related terms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. Alternative form of -y

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French -ique, from Latin -icus, from Proto-Indo-European *-kos. Doublet of -y.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. Forms nouns denoting a quality from adjectives; -ic.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: -ic
References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik m

  1. Forms diminutive nouns.
    słodki + ‎-ik → ‎słodzik

Declension[edit]

(personal nouns)

(other nouns)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • -ik in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • -ik in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

Suffix[edit]

-ik (Cyrillic spelling -ик)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer, place, object, tool or a feature.

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

Suffix[edit]

-ik m

  1. Alternative form of suffix -ík after roots in a long vowel or a diphthong.
    vták + ‎-ik → ‎vtáčik
    hriešny + ‎-ik → ‎hriešnik
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -icus or Ancient Greek -ικός (-ikós).

Suffix[edit]

-ik m

  1. Fictive suffix in case when both an occupational name in -ik and its base noun were borrowed
    akadémia + ‎-ik → ‎akademik
Related terms[edit]

Declension[edit]

  • Declension in case of an inanimate noun according to the declension pattern dub:
  • Declension in case of an animate noun according to the declension pattern chlap:

Further reading[edit]

  • Pauliny, Eugen - Ružička, Jozef - Štolc, Jozef (1968), Slovenská gramatika (in Slovak), 5th edition, Bratislava: Slovenské pedagogické nakladateľstvo, pages 145-152
  • -ik in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ـیق(-ik), from French -ique, from Latin -icus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. -ic
  2. -ical

Derived terms[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Presumably related to Finnish -ko.

Particle[edit]

-ik

  1. Interrogative particle. It is attached to the finite verb in yes-no questions, which is then placed first in the sentence.

Volapük[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ik

  1. Used to form adjectives and determiners.