-juk

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possessive suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-juk

  1. (possessive suffix) their (third-person plural, single possession)
    kar ‎(arm) → a karjuk ‎(their arms)
    hajó ‎(ship) → a hajójuk ‎(their ship)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -juk
accusative -jukat
dative -juknak
instrumental -jukkal
causal-final -jukért
translative -jukká
terminative -jukig
essive-formal -jukként
essive-modal -jukul
inessive -jukban
superessive -jukon
adessive -juknál
illative -jukba
sublative -jukra
allative -jukhoz
elative -jukból
delative -jukról
ablative -juktól
Usage notes[edit]
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -uk is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház ‎(house) → a házuk ‎(their house)
    -ük is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    gyerek ‎(child) → a gyerekük ‎(their child)
    -juk is added to back vowel words ending either in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    kar ‎(arm) → a karjuk ‎(their arms)
    hajó ‎(ship) → a hajójuk ‎(their ship)
    alma ‎(apple) → az almájuk ‎(their apple)
    -jük is added to front vowel words ending either in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    kert ‎(garden) → a kertjük ‎(their garden)
    érme ‎(coin) → az érméjük ‎(their coin)

Etymology 2[edit]

Personal suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-juk

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the first-person plural present tense of verbs (indicative mood, definite conjugation).
    hall ‎(to hear) → Nem halljuk, amit mondasz. - We can't hear what you are saying.
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) See harmonic variants in the table below.

See also[edit]