-juk

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See also: juk, Juk, and -jük

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possessive suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-juk

  1. (possessive suffix) their (third-person plural, single possession)
    kar (arm)a karjuk (their arms)
    hajó (ship)a hajójuk (their ship)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -uk is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház (house)a házuk (their house)
    -ük is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    gyerek (child)a gyerekük (their child)
    -juk is added to back vowel words ending either in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    kar (arm)a karjuk (their arms)
    hajó (ship)a hajójuk (their ship)
    alma (apple)az almájuk (their apple)
    -jük is added to front vowel words ending either in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    kert (garden)a kertjük (their garden)
    érme (coin)az érméjük (their coin)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -juk
accusative -jukat
dative -juknak
instrumental -jukkal
causal-final -jukért
translative -jukká
terminative -jukig
essive-formal -jukként
essive-modal -jukul
inessive -jukban
superessive -jukon
adessive -juknál
illative -jukba
sublative -jukra
allative -jukhoz
elative -jukból
delative -jukról
ablative -juktól

Etymology 2[edit]

Personal suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-juk

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the first-person plural present tense of verbs (indicative mood, definite conjugation).
    hall (to hear)Nem halljuk, amit mondasz. - We can't hear what you are saying.
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) See harmonic variants in the table below.

See also[edit]