-ak

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Abenaki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Algonquian *-aki.

Suffix[edit]

-ak

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of animate words.
    sips (bird) → sipsak (birds)
    wôbigo (he is white) → wôbigoak (they are white)

Usage notes[edit]

  • -ak is the most common suffix used to form the plurals of animate words. It is often used to form the plurals of words ending in letters other than the semivowel w or the vowel a; it is sometimes used to form the plurals of words ending in w; it is almost never used to form the plurals of words ending in a.
  • The other suffixes used to form the plurals of animate words are:
    • -ik, often used to form the plurals of words (especially nouns denoting people who have particular occupations or activities) which end in the consonant d or t (which causes the d or t to mutate into j: nodabônkad, "baker" → nodabônkajik, "bakers"); only rarely used to form the plurals of words ending in other letters (nodkwaag, notkwahag, "pilot" → nodkwaagik, notkwahagik, "pilots"),
    • -ok, used to form the plurals of many words ending in w (which it may suppress), and of some other words (which likely ended in w at an earlier stage of the language),
    • -k, used to form the plurals of almost all words that end in a, and of some words that end in other vowels or in the semivowel w; not used to form the plurals of words ending in consonants.
  • The suffixes used to form the plurals of inanimate words are:
    • -al, the most common suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words (paskhigan, "gun" → paskhiganal, "guns"), including most body parts and some words ending in the vowel a,
    • -il, used to form the plurals of some words ending in the consonant g or k; only rarely used to form the plurals of words ending in other letters,
    • -ol, used to form the plurals of some words ending in the semivowel w (which it suppresses) or other consonants (which likely ended in w at an earlier stage of the language),
    • -l, used to form the plurals of many words ending in vowels, including the semivowel w; not used to form the plurals of words ending in consonants.

References[edit]

  • 1884, Jos. Laurent, New Familiar Abenakis and English Dialogues
  • 1994, Gordon M. Day, Western Abenaki Dictionary, volumes 1 and 2

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-a- (linking vowel) + -k (plural suffix)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ak

  1. -s (plural suffix)
    ház (house) → házak (houses)
    piros (red) → Az almák pirosak. - The apples are red.

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • (plural suffix): Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ok is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ak is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ak (Cyrillic spelling -ак)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a performer, feature, human relation, result of an action, object, diminutive or a proper name.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ak (Cyrillic spelling -ак)

  1. Suffix appended to the present stem of verbs to form an adjective denoting a feature or a dimension.
See also[edit]