-ák

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aːk/
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-ák m

  1. grader (noun suffix denoting a grade)
  2. from nouns forms nouns that indicate the referent is characterized by or relating to the base noun
    kříž + ‎-ák → ‎křižák
  3. from adjectives forms nouns that indicate the referent has the property denoted by the base adjective
    chytrý + ‎-ák → ‎chytrák

Declension[edit]

inanimate declension:

animate declension:

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • -ák in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-akъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ák m

  1. An agentive suffix.
    spievať + ‎-ák → ‎spevák
    dívať sa + ‎-ák → ‎divák
  2. Used to form the name of the brearer of a property from an adjective.
    chudý + ‎-ák → ‎chudák
    A suffix denoting that someone is pertaining to a grade or a class, -grader
    štvrtý + ‎-ák → ‎štvrták
    A colloquial or slang suffix for univerbation of a noun phrase with adjective.
    bombardovacie lietadlo + ‎-ák → ‎bombarďák
  3. Used to form a demonym, mainly in case of regions and nations.
    Liptov + ‎-ák → ‎Lipták
    Slovensko + ‎-ák → ‎Slovák
  4. Used to form a tool names.
    vŕtať + ‎-ák → ‎vrták
  5. An expressive, depreciative suffix.
    chlap + ‎-ák → ‎chlapák
  6. An archaic suffix to create augmentative or depreciative forms of given names.
    Ján + ‎-ák → ‎Janák
  7. A fictive suffix to adapt male forms of some borrowings.
    bosorka + ‎-ák → ‎bosorák

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Pauliny, Eugen - Ružička, Jozef - Štolc, Jozef (1968), Slovenská gramatika (in Slovak), 5th edition, Bratislava: Slovenské pedagogické nakladateľstvo, pages 145-152
  • -ák in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk