Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-akъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Deverbal derivations are easily secondary, motivated by parallel formations, e.g.

Comparison with cognates in other Indo-European languages indicates antiquity of deadjectival formations:

Cognate with Proto-Celtic *-ākos (see Etymology 2).

Suffix[edit]

*-akъ m

  1. Deadjectival, forming nouns denoting a carrier of a property.
    *junъ (young)*junakъ (a young man)
    *novъ (new)*novakъ (novice)
    *svojь (one's own)*svojakъ (relative, cousin)
  2. Denominal, forming nouns denoting something connected in meaning to the baseword.
    *rodъ (kin)*rodjakъ (relative, cousin)
    *ryba (fish)*rybakъ (fishing)
  3. Denominal, forming masculine counterparts of feminine nouns.
    *gǫsь (goose)*gǫsakъ (gander)
  4. Deverbal, from the root, forming agent nouns.
    *prositi (to ask; beg)*prosjakъ >*prošakъ (beggar; asker)

Declension[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • *-jakъ (causing iotation of the preceding consonant)

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -акъ (-akŭ)
  • South Slavic:

Further reading[edit]

  • Šekli, Matej (2012), “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32
  • Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1974) Słownik prasłowiański (in Polish), volume I, Wrocław: Polska Akademia Nauk, page 89f