-ак

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic -акъ (-akŭ), Proto-Slavic *-akъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-а́к (-ák)

  1. Alternative form of -я́к (-ják) (suffix usually denoting a person with a given characteristic, or an inanimate noun of various meanings; often of a colloquial nature)
    1. (added to adjectives)
      Synonyms: -ок (-ok), -ец (-ec), -ик (-ik)
      четвёртый (četvjórtyj, fourth) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎четверта́к (četverták, quarter, literally fourth part)
      си́ний (sínij, deep blue) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎синя́к (sinják, bruise, literally blue mark)
      большо́й (bolʹšój, big large) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎больша́к (bolʹšák, literally large road)
      просто́й (prostój, simple) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎проста́к (prosták, simpleton, literally simple man)
      о́бщий (óbščij, common, general) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎обща́к (obščák, common fund of a criminal group (slang))
    2. (added to nouns)
      Synonym: -ник (-nik)
      ры́ба (rýba, fish) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎рыба́к (rybák, fisherman, literally fish catcher)
      мо́ре (móre, sea) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎моря́к (morják, seaman, sailor)
      пять (pjatʹ, five) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎пята́к (pjaták, five-kopeck coin, literally five kopecks)
    3. (added to verbs)
      Synonyms: -ок (-ok), -ец (-ec)
      ре́зать (rézatʹ, to cut) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎реза́к (rezák, cutter)
      лежа́ть (ležátʹ, to lie) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎лежа́к (ležák, lounger, sunbed)
      перде́ть (perdétʹ, to fart) + ‎-а́к (-ák) → ‎перда́к (perdák, ass, butt (colloquial, humorous))

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ак (Latin spelling -ak)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a performer, feature, human relation, result of an action, object, diminutive or a proper name.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ак (Latin spelling -ak)

  1. Suffix appended to the present stem of verbs to form an adjective denoting a feature or a dimension.
See also[edit]

Tajik[edit]

Suffix[edit]

Dari Persian ـک
Iranian Persian
Tajik -ак (-ak)

-ак (-ak)

  1. Suffix which forms the diminutive.

See also[edit]