-ик

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See also: ик and ИК

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ик or -и́к (-ik or -ík)

  1. Suffix added to normally masculine nouns to form diminutives, sometimes with a further change in meaning.
    нож (nož, knife) + ‎-ик (-ik) → ‎но́жик (nóžik, little knife)
    авто́бус (avtóbus, bus) + ‎-ик (-ik) → ‎авто́бусик (avtóbusik, little bus)
    во́лос (vólos, hair) + ‎-ик (-ik) → ‎воло́сик (volósik, little hair)
    вал (val, roller) + ‎-ик (-ik) → ‎ва́лик (válik, roller, cylinder, platen)
    жуть (žutʹ, horror) + ‎-ик (-ik) → ‎жу́тик (žútik, horror film (colloquial))
    кузне́ц (kuznéc, smith, farrier) + ‎-ик (-ik) → ‎кузне́чик (kuznéčik, grasshopper) (meaning development unclear)
    за́яц (zájac, hare) (stem зайц- (zajc-)) + -ик (-ik) → ‎за́йчик (zájčik, little hare, bunny; darling, sweetheart; reflection of a light beam)
  2. Suffix appended to words, especially adjectives, to create masculine agent nouns, usually denoting a profession, performer, place, object, tool or a feature: -er, -or, -ant, -ic, -ist
    опто́вый (optóvyj, wholesale) + ‎-и́к (-ík) → ‎оптови́к (optovík, wholesaler)
    нало́говый (nalógovyj, (relational) tax) + ‎-и́к (-ík) → ‎налогови́к (nalogovík, taxman (colloquial))
    ры́жий (rýžij, red, redheaded) + ‎-ик (-ik) → ‎ры́жик (rýžik, redheaded person, ginger (colloquial); camelina; saffron milk cap)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The diminutive suffix is always unstressed and normally does not trigger any change in the stress, although in some cases the stress is drawn onto the preceding syllable (e.g. воло́сик (volósik) from во́лос (vólos)).
  • The agent-noun suffix is often stressed.
  • When added onto a noun ending in ц, the suffix triggers the Slavic first palatalization, resulting in ч. The same would be expected to happen to the velars к г х, but there appear to be no examples of this.
  • When added onto a reducible noun, the stem assumes its reduced form before the suffix (e.g. за́йчик (zájčik) from за́яц (zájac)).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ikъ.

Suffix[edit]

-ик (Latin spelling -ik)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer, place, object, tool or a feature.

See also[edit]