-ist

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -ist, -iste, from Old French -iste and Latin -ista, from Ancient Greek -ιστής (-istḗs), from -ίζω (-ízō, -ize, -ise, verbal suffix) +‎ -τής (-tḗs, agent-noun suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ist

  1. Added to words to form nouns denoting:
    1. a person who studies or practices a particular discipline;
      botanist, one who studies plants
      psychiatrist, one who practices psychiatry
    2. a person who uses a device of some kind;
      violinist, one who plays a violin
      bicyclist, one who rides a bicycle
      autoist, one who drives an automobile
      pianist, one who plays the piano
      vapist, one who uses a vaping device
    3. one who engages in a particular type of activity;
      adventurist, one who takes risks or goes on adventures
      artist, one who makes art
      bigamist, one who commits bigamy
      terrorist, one who causes terror
      tourist, one who tours
      Note, many of these are related to -isms: adventurism, terrorism, tourism
    4. one who suffers from a specific condition or syndrome
      autist, egoist
      Note, these are related to -isms: autism, egoism
    5. one who subscribes to a particular theological doctrine or religious denomination;
      Buddhist, Baptist, monotheist
      Note, these are related to -isms: Buddhism, monotheism
    6. one who has a certain ideology or set of beliefs;
      Marxist, modernist, nihilist, existentialist, fascist, pacifist, activist, environmentalist,
      Note, these are related to -isms: Marxism, modernism, nihilism, existentialism, fascism, pacifism
    7. one who owns or manages something;
      capitalist; industrialist
      Note, these are related to -isms: capitalism; industrialism
    8. a person who holds bigoted, partial views.
      sexist, racist: Note, these are related to -isms: sexism, racism

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ist m

  1. appended to a word, it yields a noun which signifies the subject who performs something related to that word

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin -ista, reinforced by French -iste.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɪst]
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-ist m (genitive -isten, plural -isten, female -istin)

  1. -ist
    Piano (piano) + ‎-ist → ‎Pianist (pianist)
    Anarchie (anarchy) + ‎-ist → ‎Anarchist (anarchist)
    Putsch (putsch, coup) + ‎-ist → ‎Putschist (putschist, coupist)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The suffix is productive in German, but generally only with non-native words or proper nouns. Exceptions include Harfenist, Lagerist, Putschist.

See also[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ist

  1. Alternative form of -est
    knowist, sendist, bitakist

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French -iste (-ist, -istic), from Latin -ista (-ist; one who practises or believes), from Ancient Greek -ιστής (-istḗs), alternative form of -τής (-tḗs), from Proto-Hellenic *-tās, probably from Proto-Indo-European *-teh₂ (forms nouns representing state of being).

Suffix[edit]

-ist m

  1. used to form nouns, usually relating to people.

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French -iste, from Latin -ista, from Ancient Greek -ιστής (-istḗs).

Suffix[edit]

-ist m

  1. used to form nouns, usually relating to people.

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French -iste.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ist m or n (feminine singular -istă, masculine plural -iști, feminine and neuter plural -iste)

  1. -ist
    pianistpianist
    anarhistanarchist
    rasistracist

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French -iste.

Suffix[edit]

-ist (Cyrillic spelling -ист)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a follower or a profession. Chiefly used for loanwords.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French -iste.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ist c

  1. -ist
    pianistpianist
    anarkistanarchist
    rasistracist

Declension[edit]

Declension of -ist 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative -ist -isten -ister -isterna
Genitive -ists -istens -isters -isternas

Related terms[edit]