-ist

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See also: ist, IST, išt, -ist-, is't, -išt, and ísť

English[edit]

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  • The senses need a cleanup or are incomplete. Where do tourist and terrorist belong to?
    • tourist is related to a word ending in -ism (tourism), but that's not a religion, not a political tendency, no creative or academic role.”.
Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.

Etymology[edit]

From Old French -iste and Latin -ista, from Ancient Greek -ιστής (-istḗs), from -ίζω (-ízō, -ize, -ise, verbal suffix) +‎ -τής (-tḗs, agent-noun suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ist

  1. Added to words to form nouns denoting:
    1. a person with a particular creative or academic role;
      artist, one who makes art
      botanist, one who studies plants
      psychiatrist, one who practices psychiatry
    2. a person who uses a technological device of some kind;
      violinist, one who plays a violin
      bicyclist, one who rides a bicycle
      autoist, one who drives an automobile
    3. one who subscribes to a particular theological doctrine or religious denomination;
      Calvinist, Baptist, deist
      Note, these are related to -isms: Calvinism, deism
    4. one who owns or manages something;
      capitalist; industrialist
      Note, these are related to -isms: capitalism; industrialism
    5. one who has a certain political tendency;
      Marxist, fascist, pacifist, activist, environmentalist,
      Note, these are related to -isms: Marxism, fascism, pacifism
    6. a person who holds bigoted, partial views.
      sexist, racist: Note, these are related to -isms: sexism, racism

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ist m

  1. appended to a word, it yields a noun which signifies the subject who performs something related to that word



German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ist m (plural -isten, feminine -istin, feminine plural -istinnen)

  1. -ist
    Pianist - pianist
    Anarchist - anarchist
    Rassist - racist

Also see: Category:German words suffixed with -ist


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek -ιστής (-istḗs), via Latin -ista and French -iste

Suffix[edit]

-ist m

  1. used to form nouns, usually relating to people.

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek -ιστής (-istḗs), via Latin -ista and French -iste

Suffix[edit]

-ist m

  1. used to form nouns, usually relating to people.

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French -iste.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ist m, n (feminine singular -istă, masculine plural -iști, feminine and neuter plural -iste)

  1. -ist
    pianistpianist
    anarhistanarchist
    rasistracist

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ist (Cyrillic spelling -ист)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a follower or a profession. Chiefly used for loanwords.