- The belief that each race has distinct and intrinsic attributes.
- The belief that one race or ethnic group is superior or inferior to another race or group of races.
- Prejudice or discrimination based upon race or ethnicity.
- Malcolm X and Martin Luther King both spoke out against racism.
- 2007, Joseph Godson Amamoo, Ghana: 50 years of independence
- For, if racism against non-whites is morally wrong and unjustifiable, then how can racism against whites be morally right and justifiable?
- (sociology) A hierarchical system that benefits one race at the expense of all others.
For usage examples of this term, see Citations:racism.
- Different people define race differently, so, naturally, different people define racism differently.
- While racism is, per se, usually tied to race, some speakers will (controversially) use the term in other cases as well:
- The term reverse racism has been used to describe racism (in one sense or another) by a group that has traditionally been oppressed, against a traditionally more-empowered group. However, some argue that this distinction does not need to be made, and advocate using simply the term racism; others have argued conversely that the term racism should not be used at all in such cases.
- For many speakers, the term racism implies conscious belief or behavior, but this distinction is not universally held.
Terms derived from racism
race discrimination or dislike
- affirmative action
- Anti-Defamation League (ADL)
- antisemitism, anti-semitism
- black is beautiful
- black supremacy, Black supremacy
- Civil Rights Movement
- cultural anthropology
- cultural relativism
- ethnic majority
- ethnic minority
- hate crime
- historical particularism
- Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
- political correctness
- political minority