apartheid

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

"For use by white persons": a sign in English and Afrikaans from the apartheid period.

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally “separateness”, “apartness”, from Dutch apart ‎(separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Received Pronunciation, strictly) IPA(key): /əˈpɑːtheɪt/, /əˈpɑːthaɪt/
  • (US, strictly) enPR: ə-pärtʹhīt, IPA(key): /əˈpɑɹthaɪt/
  • (file)
  • (US, alternatively) enPR: ə-pärtʹhāt, IPA(key): /əˈpɑɹtheɪt/
  • (file)
  • Note: the h is very often not pronounced because of the difficulty of following /t/ with /h/, but the sequence is not pronounced as the digraph th (/ð/, /θ/).
  • (US, laxly) enPR: ə-pärʹtīd, IPA(key): /əˈpɑɹ.taɪd/

Noun[edit]

apartheid ‎(countable and uncountable, plural apartheids)

  1. (historical) The discriminatory policy of racial separation used by South Africa from 1948 to 1990.
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, pages 127-8:
      The premise of apartheid was that whites were superior to Africans, Coloureds and Indians, and the function of it was to entrench white supremacy forever.
  2. (by extension) Any similar policy of racial separation/segregation and discrimination.
    • 1963, Justice William O. Douglas, concurring, Lombard v. Louisiana (373 U.S. 267):
      When the doors of a business are open to the public, they must be open to all regardless of race if apartheid is not to become engrained in our public [] .
  3. (by extension) A policy or situation of segregation based on some specified attribute.
    • 2008, Peter Hewitt, Kenya Cowboy: A Police Officer's Account of the Mau Mau Emergency (ISBN 1920143238), page 64:
      Fifteen minutes drive to the Brown Trout was guaranteed to satisfy my appetite because there, as with other clubs and hotel bars, a form of sex apartheid was practised. The males assembled in the region of the bar and the opposite gender either sat discreetly detached or strayed outside to gossip gaily among themselves.
    • 2009, Moorthy Muthuswamy, Defeating Political Islam: The New Cold War (ISBN 1615921389), page 120:
      In these annual reports, the religious apartheid practices in India are not mentioned at all.
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:apartheid.

Verb[edit]

apartheid ‎(third-person singular simple present apartheids, present participle apartheiding, simple past and past participle apartheided)

  1. To impose a policy of segregation of groups of people, especially one based on race.
    • 1986, Stanlake John Thompson Samkange, On Trial for that U.D.I.: A Novel, page 79:
      Yes, apartheiding the apartheiders, is what the rest of the world is doing.
    • 1989, Instauration - Volumes 15-16, page 36:
      Whatever the reason the blacks have for "apartheiding" Boston, whites should be all for it.
    • 2003, Mayur K. Lakhani, A Celebration of General Practice, ISBN 1857759230, page 183:
      The most deadly of all ghosts are wandering over Britain and medicine, apartheiding people into superiors and nonentities.
    • 2009, Shirley R. Steinberg, Diversity and Multiculturalism: A Reader, ISBN 1433103451, page 151:
      Speaking of the resulting apartheiding of British Columbia, Cole Harris observed, "racism was built into the landscape of settlement."
    • 2011, Timothy J. Stanley, Contesting White Supremacy, ISBN 0774819340, page 64:
      By 1922, the apartheiding of British Columbia was cemented into a public and private English-language discourse that took for granted how and where one racialized body was placed in relation to another, and in turn how each related to the state system.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): [ɐˈpartɦɛit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch apartheid.

Noun[edit]

apartheid ‎(uncountable)

  1. apartheid

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From apart ‎(separate, apart) +‎ -heid ‎(-hood).

Noun[edit]

apartheid f ‎(plural apartheden, diminutive apartheidje n)

  1. the state of being separate; separateness
  2. a characteristic that sets something or someone apart
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid.

Noun[edit]

apartheid f ‎(uncountable)

  1. the policy of racial separation used in South Africa from 1948 to 1990; apartheid
  2. (by extension) any similar policy of racial separation

Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fi

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally "separateness", "apartness", from Dutch apart ‎(separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

Noun[edit]

apartheid

  1. apartheid

Declension[edit]

Inflection of apartheid (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative apartheid apartheidit
genitive apartheidin apartheidien
partitive apartheidia apartheideja
illative apartheidiin apartheideihin
singular plural
nominative apartheid apartheidit
accusative nom. apartheid apartheidit
gen. apartheidin
genitive apartheidin apartheidien
partitive apartheidia apartheideja
inessive apartheidissa apartheideissa
elative apartheidista apartheideista
illative apartheidiin apartheideihin
adessive apartheidilla apartheideilla
ablative apartheidilta apartheideilta
allative apartheidille apartheideille
essive apartheidina apartheideina
translative apartheidiksi apartheideiksi
instructive apartheidein
abessive apartheiditta apartheideitta
comitative apartheideineen

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fr

French Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally "separateness", "apartness", from Dutch apart ‎(separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /a.paʁ.tɛjd/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: a‧par‧theid

Noun[edit]

apartheid m ‎(plural apartheid)

  1. (historical) apartheid (racial separation in South Africa from 1948 to 1990)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)

Synonyms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally "separateness", "apartness", from Dutch apart ‎(separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

Noun[edit]

apartheid m ‎(invariable)

  1. (historical) apartheid (racial separation in South Africa from 1948 to 1990)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

apartheid m (plural apartheids)

  1. (historical) apartheid (policy of racial separation in South Africa)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally "separateness", "apartness", from Dutch apart ‎(separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

Noun[edit]

apartheid m ‎(plural apartheids)

  1. (historical) apartheid (racial separation in South Africa from 1948 to 1990)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)