-ista

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: ista, istà, išta, īsta, and īstā

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ista via Spanish -ista in "Sandinista" (1930s).

Suffix[edit]

-ista

  1. Added to words to form nouns denoting one who follows a principle; an adept.
    fashionista
    Marxista
    Lincolnista

Usage notes[edit]

Words formed using this suffix usually have more of a pejorative connotation than related words formed using -ist.

Derived terms[edit]


Translations[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ista

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]



Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ista, from Ancient Greek -ιστής ‎(-istḗs).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /iʃtɒ/
  • Hyphenation: is‧ta

Suffix[edit]

-ista

  1. -ist, added to a word to form a noun denoting:
    1. One who follows a principle or system of belief.
      tao ‎(tao) → taoista ‎(Taoist)
      Note, these are related to -izmus, e.g. taoizmus ‎(Taoism)
    2. A member of a profession or one interested in something.
      komponista ‎(composer, one who creates music)
    3. A person who uses something.
      zongora ‎(piano) → zongorista ‎(pianist)
    4. A person who holds biased views.
      rasszista ‎(racist)
  2. -istic, added to a word to form an adjective
    klasszicista ‎(classicistic)

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ista.

Suffix[edit]

-ista m, f

  1. -ist

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek -ιστής ‎(-istḗs), from -ισ ‎(-is) + agent suffix -τής ‎(-tḗs).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ista m ‎(genitive -istae); first declension

  1. -ist; one who practises or believes.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ista is added to a noun base to form a noun. It is seldom formative in Latin, usually being borrowed as part of an Ancient Greek word to which the suffix -ιστής ‎(-istḗs) was added.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative -ista -istae
genitive -istae -istārum
dative -istae -istīs
accusative -istam -istās
ablative -istā -istīs
vocative -ista -istae

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ista, from Ancient Greek -ιστής ‎(-istḗs).

Suffix[edit]

-ista m, f ‎(plural -istas)

  1. -ist (person with a particular creative or academic role), appended to the name of this role, or its corresponding adjective
    ambiental ‎(environmental) + -istaambientalista ‎(environmentalist)
    zoologia ‎(zoology) + -istazoologista ‎(zoologist)
  2. -ist; -man (person who uses or works with a particular tool, instrument or technique), appended to the name of the tool
    flauta ‎(flute) + -istaflautista ‎(flautist)
    desenho ‎(drawing; draught) + -istadesenhista ‎(draughstman)
  3. -ist; -ista (one who proscribes to a particular doctrine), appended to the etymon of the doctrine’s name
    Calvino ‎((John) Calvin) + -istacalvinista ‎(Calvinist)
    Marx ‎((Karl) Marx) + -istamarxista ‎(Marxist)
  4. -istic (of or relating to a particular doctrine), appended to the etymon of the doctrine’s name
    Marx ‎((Karl) Marx) + -istamarxista ‎(relating to Marxism)
  5. (chiefly Brazil) of, from or relating to a location
    Norte ‎(North region of Brazil) + -istanortista ‎(of, from or relating to the North)
    São Paulo + -istapaulista ‎(someone from the Brazilian state of São Paulo)
  6. (chiefly Brazil) someone from a location
    Norte ‎(North region of Brazil) + -istanortista ‎(someone from the North)
    São Paulo ‎(São Paulo) + -istapaulista ‎(someone from the state of São Paulo)
  7. a supporter of a sports team
    Grêmio ‎(Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense) + -istagremista ‎(a supporter of Grêmio)
    Santos ‎(Santos Futebol Clube) + -istasantista ‎(a supporter of Santos)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The Portuguese suffix -ista does not have the same pejorative connotation as the English suffix -ista.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ista, from Ancient Greek -ιστής ‎(-istḗs).

Suffix[edit]

-ista m, f

  1. -ista; one who follows a principle. Example: optimista ‎(optimist)
  2. Indicates one that practices a profession of the noun stem; Example: periódico ‎(newspaper) periodista ‎(journalist)

Usage notes[edit]

Regardless of gender, the suffix always ends with the letter A.