-man

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From the noun man.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /mən/, /mæn/

Suffix[edit]

-man (plural -men, feminine -woman)

  1. Someone (possibly implied male) who is an expert in an area or who takes part in an activity.
    horse + ‎-man → ‎horseman
    sports + ‎-man → ‎sportsman
  2. Someone (possibly implied male) who is employed or holds a position in an area.
    law + ‎-man → ‎lawman
    news + ‎-man → ‎newsman
  3. Someone (possibly implied male) who has special characteristics relating to a topic or area.
    free + ‎-man → ‎freeman
    ice + ‎-man → ‎iceman
    super + ‎-man → ‎superman
  4. Someone (possibly implied male) who has a particular nationality.
    Scots + ‎-man → ‎Scotsman
    Dutch + ‎-man → ‎Dutchman
    China + ‎-man → ‎Chinaman
    Yorkshire + ‎-man → ‎Yorkshireman
  5. A ship which has special characteristics relating to a trade or area.
    Guinea + ‎-man → ‎Guineaman (ship of the West African slave trade)
    East India + ‎-man → ‎East Indiaman
    merchant + ‎-man → ‎merchantman
    Greenland + ‎-man → ‎Greenlandman (a whaling ship)
    China + ‎-man → ‎Chinaman (sailing ship engaged in the Old China Trade)

Usage notes[edit]

  • To more explicitly include people regardless of gender, the suffix -person or a synonym, for example police officer instead of policeman, can be used.
  • Frequently employed in the names of male comic book characters, e.g. Aquaman, Batman, Spider-Man, Superman.
  • The pronunciation can either have a full vowel or a schwa, but they are not in free variation; some words formed with this suffix can be used with only one of the possible pronunciations.

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also descendants of man.

  • Sranan Tongo: -man
  • French: -man
  • Japanese: マン (-man)
  • Welsh: -mon

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Dutch noun man (man).

Suffix[edit]

-man m (plural -mannen or -lieden or -lui or -mensen)

  1. someone (implied male) who is an expert in an area
    sportmansportsman
    zakenmanbusinessman
  2. someone (implied male) who is employed or holds a position in an area
    brandweermanfireman
    politiemanpoliceman
  3. someone (implied male) who has special characteristics relating to an area
    dollemanmadman
    landsmancountryman
  4. someone (implied male) who is derived from a particular nationality
    EngelsmanEnglishman
    FransmanFrenchman

Usage notes[edit]

The plural form of -man is -lieden (-lui in spoken language) or sometimes -mannen and -mensen, e.g.

sportlieden / sportluisportsmen
Fransmannen / FransenFrenchmen

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English -man.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-man

  1. used to form names of male professions or sportspersons

Usage notes[edit]

  • In European and Canadian French, most words with this ending like businessman are borrowed directly from English, while some such as tennisman are not. The plural may be -mans or -men.
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, the suffix is much more productive and, in more slangy language, appended to anything relating to a habitual activity: gbanman (druggie) (Ivory Coast) from Mande gban (drug), boukiman (speculator) (Senegal) from Wolof buki (hyena), djigboman (magician) (Ivory Coast) from Bété djigbo (fetish), as well as the more generally used taximan (taxi driver) (many countries) and gbakaman (marshrutka-driver) (Ivory Coast) from gbaka (marshrutka).

See also[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French -ment (-ly).

Suffix[edit]

-man

  1. used to form adverbs out of adjectives; -ly

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French -mane

Suffix[edit]

-man m

  1. (generally) -maniac

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French -mane

Suffix[edit]

-man m

  1. (generally) -maniac

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Quechua[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-man

  1. allative or dative case; indicates the direction of movement or the indirect object
    Llaqtaman risaq.
    I will go towards the town.
    Paykunaman mikhunata apachkani.
    I am taking food to them.
  2. potential mood; indicates possibility or potential
    Qam rikunkiman.
    You would see.
    Ñuqaqa manam haqayman purinimanchu.
    I would not walk over there.



Sranan Tongo[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-man

  1. Person suffix, used to derive agent nouns from verbs and nouns of people characterised by a trait from nouns and adjectives.

Derived terms[edit]