special

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: spécial

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English *special, especial, especiall, from Old French especial (whence also French spécial), from Latin specialis (from species, speciei).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: spĕʹshəl, IPA(key): /ˈspɛ.ʃəl/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃəl

Adjective[edit]

special (comparative more special or specialer, superlative most special or specialest)

  1. Distinguished by a unique or unusual quality.
    a special episode of a television series
  2. Of particular personal interest or value; dear; beloved.
    Everyone is special to someone.
  3. (euphemistic) Of or related to learning or intellectual disabilities.
    special education
    He goes to a special school.
  4. Constituting or relating to a species.
    The seven dark spots is a special property unique to Coccinella septempunctata.
  5. Chief in excellence.
  6. (military) Of or related to unconventional warfare, as in "special forces" and "special operations".

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

special (plural specials)

  1. A reduction in consumer cost (usually for a limited time) for items or services rendered.
    We're running a special on turkey for Thanksgiving.
  2. One of a rotation of meals systematically offered for a lower price at a restaurant.
    Today's special is our tuna melt on rye.
  3. (broadcasting) Unusual or exceptional episode of a series.
    Did you see the Christmas special?
  4. (Britain, colloquial) A special constable.
  5. Anything that is not according to normal practice, plan, or schedule, as an unscheduled run of transportation that is normally scheduled.
    Thousands came to see the special that carried the President's coffin.
  6. Any unlicensed medicine produced or obtained for a specific individual patient.
  7. (journalism) A correspondent; a journalist sent to the scene of an event to report back.
  8. (journalism) A dispatch sent back by a special correspondent.
  9. (theater) A light that illuminates a specific person or thing on the stage.
    • 2009, Steven Shelley, A Practical Guide to Stage Lighting (page 132)
      In addition to followspots, there will be three frontlight specials on Autoyokes hung on the truss to provide frontlight specials.
    • 2009, Jennifer Bringle, Lighting (page 23)
      The first is a special—a single lighting instrument that lights a particular spot on the stage. Specials generally have no color, or a more saturated color, allowing them to stand out through other lighting onstage.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

special (third-person singular simple present specials, present participle specialing or specialling, simple past and past participle specialed or specialled)

  1. (nursing) To supervise a patient one-on-one.
    • 1905, Shadyside Hospital (Pittsburgh, Pa.), Annual Report[1], page 27:
      We have not sent our pupils out on private duty except a very few times, but they have an unusual amount of specialing to do inside.
    • 2015 July 7, Jo-Ann Giandinoto, Karen-leigh Edward, “The phenomenon of co-morbid physical and mental illness in acute medical care: the lived experience of Australian health professionals”, in BMC Research Notes[2], volume 8, DOI:10.1186/s13104-015-1264-z:
      Participant three described their personal interest in mental health care: “I have an interest in mental health but I have found that other staff on the surgical ward who have been there for a while… often say I hate specialling these patients…”

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English special.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

special m (plural specials)

  1. A special broadcast episode.

Related terms[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

special m (feminine singular speciale, masculine plural speciaulx, feminine plural speciales)

  1. special; extraordinary; beyond what is usual