especial

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English especial, via Old French especial, from Latin specialis, from species (appearance, form, beauty), from specere (to look). Doublet of special. Related to species.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛsˈpɛʃəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃəl
  • Hyphenation: es‧pe‧cial

Adjective[edit]

especial (comparative more especial, superlative most especial)

  1. Exceptional in importance or significance; special.
    Pay especial attention to chapter five.
    an especial hatred of cats
    • 1941 July, “The Why and the Wherefore: Inner and Outer Distant Signals”, in Railway Magazine, page 336:
      [...] this is of especial value in foggy weather.
    • 2018, James Lambert, “A multitude of ‘lishes’: The nomenclature of hybridity”, in English World-Wide[1], page 5:
      Starting from this base list, a number of databases were systematically searched for terms, with especial effort taken to discover the earliest attestation possible[.]
  2. Particular.
    acting with no especial goal

Usage notes[edit]

especial is far less common than special

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin speciālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

especial (masculine and feminine plural especials)

  1. special

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin speciālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

especial m (feminine singular especiala, masculine plural especials, feminine plural especialas)

  1. special

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin speciālis.

Adjective[edit]

especial m (oblique and nominative feminine singular especiale)

  1. special
  2. powerful; mighty

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin speciālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /is.pe.siˈaw/ [is.pe.sɪˈaʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /is.peˈsjaw/ [is.peˈsjaʊ̯], /es.pe.siˈaw/ [es.pe.sɪˈaʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /es.peˈsjaw/ [es.peˈsjaʊ̯]
    • (Rio de Janeiro) IPA(key): /iʃ.pe.siˈaw/ [iʃ.pe.sɪˈaʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /iʃ.peˈsjaw/ [iʃ.peˈsjaʊ̯], /eʃ.pe.siˈaw/ [eʃ.pe.sɪˈaʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /eʃ.peˈsjaw/ [eʃ.peˈsjaʊ̯]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /es.pe.siˈaw/ [es.pe.sɪˈaʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /es.peˈsjaw/ [es.peˈsjaʊ̯]

  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -al, (Brazil) -aw
  • Hyphenation: es‧pe‧ci‧al

Adjective[edit]

especial m or f (plural especiais)

  1. special
  2. (euphemistic) disabled (having some physical disability)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin speciālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /espeˈθjal/, [es.peˈθjal]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /espeˈsjal/, [es.peˈsjal]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

especial (plural especiales)

  1. special (distinguished by a unique quality)
  2. special (of particular interest or value)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

especial m (plural especiales)

  1. (television) special

Further reading[edit]