Dutch

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: dutch

English[edit]

Wiktionary
Dutch edition of Wiktionary

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (abbreviation): Du.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English Duch (German, Low Countryman), from Middle Dutch dūtsch, duutsc (modern Duits (German)), northern variant of dietsc (compare modern Diets (Dutch language)), from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz (compare German Deutsch (German), Old English þēodisc (of the people)), from Proto-Germanic *þeudō ‘people’, from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂. See also Derrick, Teuton, Teutonic.

Middle Dutch duutsc is the result of i-mutation (umlaut) typical of central dialects (Brabantine) while dietsc shows the merger of iu with io and weakening to [iə] typical of coastal dialects (Flemish). This led to doublets which split in meaning during the Renaissance.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Dutch (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) German.
  2. (archaic) Pertaining to the Dutch, the Germans, and the Goths; Germanic, Teutonic.
  3. Of or pertaining to the Netherlands, the Dutch people or the Dutch language.
  4. (obsolete outside certain fixed expressions, now offensive) Substitute, inferior, ersatz (as seen in expressions such as Dutch courage, Dutch treat, Dutch oven, and Dutch comfort).
  5. In a shared manner; of a shared expense. (See Dutch treat; compare go Dutch.)

Translations[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

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Wikipedia

Dutch

  1. The main language of the Netherlands and Flanders (i.e., the northern half of Belgium).
  2. (obsolete) German; the main language of the Holy Roman Empire (Germany, Austria, Alsace, Luxembourg).
  3. (collective) The people of the Netherlands.
    the Dutch will vote on the matter next month

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

Dutch

  1. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (obsolete) A German.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]