オランダ

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Japanese[edit]

Alternative spellings
和蘭 (obsolete)
阿蘭陀 (obsolete)
和蘭陀 (obsolete)
 オランダ on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese Holanda (Holland).[1][2][3][4] Note that some sources[1][3][4] give the erroneous Portuguese source spelling as Olanda (which is actually Italian), likely because the Portuguese h is silent. Compare Chinese 荷蘭荷兰 (Hélán) of the same meaning.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

オランダ (Oranda

  1. Holland (a traditional region in the Netherlands formed by two modern provinces, North Holland and South Holland)
  2. Holland, the Netherlands (a country in Western Europe)
    • 2002 September 17, Motohiro Katou, “Saiyaku no Otoko [Bummer Guy]”, in Q.E.D. Shōmei Shūryō [Q.E.D. Quod Erat Demonstrandum], volume 13 (fiction), Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN, page 89:
      ()てよ!これは(ほん)(とう)オランダの(ふね)か?(ふね)についてる(はた) あれはオランダの(こっ)()じゃないぞ‼
      Mate yo! Kore wa hontō ni Oranda no fune ka? Fune ni tsuite ru hata are wa Oranda no kokki ja nai zo‼
      Hold on! Is this really a Dutch ship? The flag on this ship isn’t the Dutch flag, is it!?

Usage notes[edit]

When used attributively in compounds or with the particle (no), this term is commonly translated as the adjective Dutch.

The full kanji spellings as alternative forms are rare and falling out of use, while the abbreviation is more frequently encountered.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Okinawan: ウランダ (uranda)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira (1995) 大辞泉 [Daijisen] (in Japanese), First edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 Shinmura, Izuru, editor (1998), 広辞苑 [Kōjien] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN