leid

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See also: Leid and leið

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier leed, from Middle English lede, reduced form of leden, leoden (language), from Old English lēoden (national language", literally, "of the people), from Old English lēode (people). More at lede.

Noun[edit]

leid (plural leids)

  1. (Scotland, chiefly poetic) language

Usage notes[edit]

  • Commonly understood language, either literally or metaphorically:
    A daena speak the leid.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

leid

  1. first-person singular present indicative of leiden
  2. imperative of leiden

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German leit from Old High German leid, from Proto-Germanic *laiþaz, whence also English loathe and Old Norse leiðr. From Proto-Indo-European *h₂leyt- (unpleasant; to loathe, transgress) whence also Latin laedō (strike, betray).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

leid (comparative leider, superlative am leidesten)

  1. uncomfortable

Usage notes[edit]

  • Only used with sein, werden, (traditionally) tun and (colloquially) haben, and as part of the (reformed) verb leidtun.
  • The spelling leid tun was used before the spelling reform, and the spelling leidtun by the reform at least as of 2004. The common spelling Leid tun was incorrect before the reform and is incorrect again since the reform as of 2006 but was correct by the reform at least from 2004 till 2006.[1] However, the reasoning for lowercase in §34(3) of the official rules is incorrect.[2]

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ § 34(3) of the official rules:
    • As of 2004: "§ 34 Partikeln (Präpositionen, Adverbien), Adjektive oder Substantive können als Verbzusatz mit Verben trennbare Zusammensetzungen bilden. Man schreibt sie nur im Infinitiv, im Partizip I und im Partizip II sowie im Nebensatz bei Endstellung des Verbs zusammen. Der Verbzusatz trägt den Hauptakzent.
      Dies betrifft
      [...]
      (3) Zusammensetzungen aus (teilweise auch verblasstem) Substantiv + Verb mit den folgenden ersten Bestandteilen: [...] leid- leidtun (nach § 55(4) auch: Leid tun) [...]"
    • As of 2006 and 2011: "§ 34 Partikeln, Adjektive, Substantive oder Verben können als Verbzusatz mit Verben trennbare Zusammensetzungen bilden. Man schreibt sie nur in den Infinitiven, den Partizipien sowie im Nebensatz bei Endstellung des Verbs zusammen.
      Dies betrifft
      [...]
      (3) Zusammensetzungen mit einem substantivischen ersten Bestandteil. Dabei handelt es sich um folgende Fälle, bei denen die ersten Bestandteile die Eigenschaften selbständiger Substantive weitgehend verloren haben: [...] leidtun [...]"
  2. ^ Rechtschreibung: Tut mir leid oder Leid?

Further reading[edit]

  • leid in Duden online

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

leid f (genitive singular leide, nominative plural leideanna)

  1. hint, inkling
  2. prompt
  3. pointer, clue

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

leid

  1. past participle of leie

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

leid f (definite singular leida, indefinite plural leider, definite plural leidene)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1938; superseded by lei

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

leid (masculine and feminine leid, neuter leidt, definite singular and plural leide, comparative leidare, indefinite superlative leidast, definite superlative leidaste)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1938; superseded by lei

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

leid

  1. (non-standard since 1938) imperative of leida

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *laiþaz, whence also Old English lāþ, Old Norse leiðr.

Adjective[edit]

leid

  1. uncomfortable

Descendants[edit]


Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier leed, from Middle English lede, reduced form of leden, leoden (language), from Old English lēoden (national language", literally, "of the people), from Old English lēode (people). More at lede.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

leid (plural leids)

  1. language
Usage notes[edit]
  • Commonly understood language, either literally or metaphorically:
    A daena speak the leid.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English lede, leed, from Old English lēad (lead (the metal)). More at lead.

Noun[edit]

leid (plural leids)

  1. lead