lede

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See also: LEDE, ledě, and leđe

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English lede, leode (man; human being, person; lord, prince; God; sir; group, kind; race; a people, nation; human race; land, real property) [and other forms],[1] from three closely related words:

Lēod is derived from Proto-West Germanic *liud(i), from Proto-Germanic *liudiz (man; person; men; people), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁léwdʰis (man, people), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁lewdʰ- (to grow; people).[2]

Noun[edit]

lede (plural lede)

  1. (obsolete) A man; a person.
Usage notes[edit]

In modern English, the word is only found as a conscious archaism.

Alternative forms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The lede of this article entitled “A prominent physician is charged with manslaughter” from The Tacoma Times (Tacoma, Washington, USA, 11 May 1904) is its first paragraph.

A deliberate misspelling of lead, originally used in instructions given to printers to indicate which paragraphs constitute the lede, intended to avoid confusion with the word lead which may actually appear in the text of an article.[3][4] Compare dek (subhead) (modified from deck) and hed (headline) (from head).

Noun[edit]

lede (plural ledes)

  1. (chiefly US, journalism) The introductory paragraph or paragraphs of a newspaper or other news article; the lead or lead-in. [from mid 20th c.]
    Synonym: intro
Usage notes[edit]

The word, which has entered ordinary usage, was originally journalistic jargon. In 1990, the American author and journalist William Safire (1929–2009) was still able to say: “You will not find this spelling in dictionaries; it is still an insiders' variant, steadily growing in frequency of use. [] Will lede break out of its insider status and find its way into general use? [] To suggest this is becoming standard would be misledeing [] But it has earned its place as a variant spelling, soon to overtake the original spelling for the beginning of a news article.”[5]

Derived terms[edit]
  • bury the lede
  • lede to kum (a placeholder for ‘lead to come’, spelled this way so it is not inadvertently thought to be part of the article)
  • nulede
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See lead.

Verb[edit]

lede

  1. Obsolete spelling of lead (to guide)

References[edit]

  1. ^ lẹ̄d(e, n.(2)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. ^ Compare “† lede, n.1”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020.
  3. ^ lede, n.2”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2019; “lede, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  4. ^ Alternatively, it has been claimed that the word was misspelled to avoid confusion with lead (strip of type metal used for positioning type in the frame) (pronounced /lɛd/): see “The Maven’s Word of the Day: lede”, in Random House[1], 28 November 2000, archived from the original on 17 April 2001.
  5. ^ William Safire (18 November 1990), “On language: (HED) folo my lede (UNHED)”, in The New York Times Magazine[2], New York, N.Y.: The New York Times Company, ISSN 0028-7822, OCLC 762261046, archived from the original on 3 July 2021, section 6, page 22.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lede

  1. plural of lid

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lede

  1. vocative singular of led

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈleːðə/, [ˈle̝ːð̩], [ˈle̝ːð̩˕˗ˠ]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse leiða (to lead), from Proto-Germanic *laidijaną (to lead), cognate with English lead, German leiten. It is a causative of the verb *līþaną (to go, pass).

Verb[edit]

lede (past tense ledede or ledte, past participle ledet or ledt)

  1. to manage, run
  2. to head, direct
  3. to lead, guide
  4. to conduct
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse leita (to seek, search), from Proto-Germanic *wlaitōną, cognate with Old English wlātian (to look upon), Gothic 𐍅𐌻𐌰𐌹𐍄𐍉𐌽 (wlaitōn, to look around).

Verb[edit]

lede (past tense ledte, past participle ledt)

  1. to look, search for
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse leiða, derived from the adjective Old Norse leiðr (Danish led (disgusting)).

Noun[edit]

lede c (singular definite leden, not used in plural form)

  1. disgust, distaste, loathing
Inflection[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

lede

  1. definite of led
  2. plural of led

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lede

  1. (archaic) singular past subjunctive of lijden

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

lede

  1. second-person plural imperative of ler

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɛ.de/
  • Rhymes: -ɛde
  • Hyphenation: lè‧de

Verb[edit]

lede

  1. third-person singular present indicative of ledere

Middle Dutch[edit]

Noun[edit]

lêde

  1. dative singular of lêet

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English lēode (people, men), plural of lēod, from Proto-West Germanic *liudī, plural of *liud(i), from Proto-Germanic *liudīz, plural of *liudiz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁léwdʰeyes, plural of *h₁léwdʰis.

Akin to Old Frisian liod, Old Saxon liud, Old Norse ljóðr, lýðr, Old High German liut, Dutch lieden.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lede (plural ledes or lede or (early) leden) (poetic)

  1. A (male) human; a man:
    1. A vassal or subject.
    2. A servant or retainer.
    3. A ruler; one with governing authority.
  2. (collectively) People, folk.
  3. A nation; a people.
  4. A race or stock; one's kindred.
  5. Real estate; owned land.
Descendants[edit]
  • English: lede (obsolete)
  • Middle Scots: leid
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

lede

  1. Alternative form of led (lead)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

lede

  1. Alternative form of leden (language)

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

lede

  1. Alternative form of leden (to lead)

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

lede

  1. Alternative form of leden (to cover in lead)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse leiða, and Danish lede

Verb[edit]

lede (imperative led, present tense leder, passive ledes, simple past and past participle leda or ledet, present participle ledende)

  1. to lead
  2. to guide

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

lede

  1. Second-person plural (vós) affirmative imperative of ler

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the nominal use (masculine inflection) of adjective led (evil), in the more original synonym den lede frestaren (the evil tempter)

Adjective[edit]

lede

  1. absolute definite natural masculine singular of led.

Noun[edit]

lede c

  1. the evil one, the loathsome or disgusting one; the devil, Satan