vassal

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English vassal, from Old French vassal, from Medieval Latin vassallus (manservant, domestic, retainer), from Latin vassus (servant), from Gaulish *wassos (young man, squire), from Proto-Celtic *wastos (servant) (compare Old Irish foss and Welsh gwas).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈvæsəl/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æsəl

Noun[edit]

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vassal (plural vassals)

  1. (historical) The grantee of a fief, feud, or fee; one who keeps land of a superior, and who vows fidelity and homage to him, normally a lord of a manor; a feudatory; a feudal tenant.
  2. A subordinate
    Synonyms: subject, dependant, servant, slave

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vassal (not comparable)

  1. Resembling a vassal; slavish; servile.
    • c. 1595–1596 (date written), William Shakespeare, “Loues Labour’s Lost”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii]:
      Did they, quoth you? / Who sees the heavenly Rosaline / That, like a rude and savage man of Inde / At the first opening of the gorgeous east / Bows not his vassal head and strucken blind / Kisses the base ground with obedient breast?

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

vassal (third-person singular simple present vassals, present participle vassalling, simple past and past participle vassalled)

  1. (transitive) To treat as a vassal or to reduce to the position of a vassal; to subject to control; to enslave.
  2. (transitive) To subordinate to someone or something.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French vassal, from Medieval Latin vassallus (manservant, domestic, retainer), from Latin vassus (servant), from Gaulish *wassos (young man, squire), from Proto-Celtic *wastos (servant) (compare Old Irish foss and Welsh gwas).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vassal (feminine vassale, masculine plural vassaux, feminine plural vassales)

  1. vassal

Noun[edit]

vassal m (plural vassaux, feminine vassale)

  1. a vassal

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: vasal
  • Russian: васса́л (vassál) (see there for further descendants)

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

vas +‎ -val

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈvɒʃːɒl]
  • Hyphenation: vas‧sal

Noun[edit]

vassal

  1. instrumental singular of vas

Derived terms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French vassal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vassal (plural vassalles)

  1. A feudal retainer, who is obliged to render military service.
  2. A servant to one’s beloved, professed lover.
  3. As surname.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

vassal m (oblique plural vassaus or vassax or vassals, nominative singular vassaus or vassax or vassals, nominative plural vassal)

  1. vassal

Descendants[edit]