servus

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Czech[edit]

Alterantive forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The greeting evolved by the commoners greeting their lords with the words servus humillimus, Domine spectabilis, meaning your humble servant, my noble Lord. No subservience is implied in its modern use.

Interjection[edit]

servus

  1. (colloquial) hi, hiya
  2. (colloquial) cheerio, bye, so long, ta-ta

Further reading[edit]

  • servus in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • servus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Esperanto[edit]

Verb[edit]

servus

  1. conditional of servi

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The greeting evolved from the commoners’ greeting (said to lords) servus humillimus (Domine spectabilis), in Latin meaning "your most humble servant, my noble Lord". No subservience is implied in modern use.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

servus

  1. hello, hi
  2. goodbye, bye
  3. (as a toast) cheers

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ser-wo- (guardian), possibly from *ser- (to bind, put together). Cognate with Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬭𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (haraiti, he heeds, protects).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

servus m (genitive servī); second declension

  1. a servant
  2. a serf
  3. a slave

Declension[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative servus servī
genitive servī servōrum
dative servō servīs
accusative servum servōs
ablative servō servīs
vocative serve servī

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Adjective[edit]

servus (feminine serva, neuter servum); first/second declension

  1. slavish, servile
  2. (of lands, buildings) subject or liable to servitude

Declension[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative servus serva servum servī servae serva
genitive servī servae servī servōrum servārum servōrum
dative servō servō servīs
accusative servum servam servum servōs servās serva
ablative servō servā servō servīs
vocative serve serva servum servī servae serva

References[edit]

References[edit]

  • servus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • servus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “servus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to act the rôle of a slave, pander: agere servum, lenonem
    • a good, useful slave: frugi (opp. nequam) servus
    • a degraded, servile condition: infima fortuna or condicio servorum
    • (ambiguous) to examine slaves by torture: de servis quaerere (in dominum)
  • servus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • servus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from German servus. Greeting found in many Central European languages.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

servus (informal, Transylvania, Maramureș, Bukovina)

  1. hi, hello
  2. see you (later)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German servus, ultimately from Latin servus.

Interjection[edit]

sèrvus (Cyrillic spelling сѐрвус)

  1. (Croatia, dated) hello
  2. (Croatia, dated) good bye

Synonyms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The greeting evolved by the commoners greeting their lords with the words servus humillimus, Domine spectabilis, meaning your humble servant, my noble Lord. No subservience is implied in its modern use.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

servus

  1. hello
  2. hi
  3. howdy

Further reading[edit]

  • servus in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk