Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search



From servus +‎ -tūs.



servitūs f (genitive servitūtis); third declension

  1. slavery, servitude
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Exodus.20.2
      Ego sum Dominus Deus tuus, qui eduxi te de terra Aegypti, de domo servitutis.
      I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative servitūs servitūtēs
genitive servitūtis servitūtum
dative servitūtī servitūtibus
accusative servitūtem servitūtēs
ablative servitūte servitūtibus
vocative servitūs servitūtēs


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • servitus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • servitus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • servitus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • servitus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to languish in slavery: servitute premi (Phil. 4. 1. 3)
    • to enslave a free people: liberum populum servitute afficere
    • to reduce to slavery: aliquem in servitutem redigere
    • to lay the yoke of slavery on some one: alicui servitutem iniungere, imponere
    • to keep the citizens in servile subjection: civitatem servitute oppressam tenere (Dom. 51. 131)
    • to carry off into slavery: aliquem in servitutem abducere, abstrahere
    • to submit to the yoke of slavery: iugum servitutis accipere
    • to shake off the yoke of slavery: iugum servitutis excutere
    • to shake off the yoke of slavery: servitutem exuere (Liv. 34. 7)
    • to deliver some one from slavery: ab aliquo servitutem or servitutis iugum depellere
  • servitus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • servitus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin