servitus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From servus +‎ -tūs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

servitūs f (genitive servitūtis); third declension

  1. slavery, servitude
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Exodus.20.2
      Ego sum Dominus Deus tuus, qui eduxi te de terra Aegypti, de domo servitutis.
      I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

Declension[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative servitūs servitūtēs
genitive servitūtis servitūtum
dative servitūtī servitūtibus
accusative servitūtem servitūtēs
ablative servitūte servitūtibus
vocative servitūs servitūtēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • servitus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • servitus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “servitus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.servitus”.
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to languish in slavery: servitute premi (Phil. 4. 1. 3)
    • to enslave a free people: liberum populum servitute afficere
    • to reduce to slavery: aliquem in servitutem redigere
    • to lay the yoke of slavery on some one: alicui servitutem iniungere, imponere
    • to keep the citizens in servile subjection: civitatem servitute oppressam tenere (Dom. 51. 131)
    • to carry off into slavery: aliquem in servitutem abducere, abstrahere
    • to submit to the yoke of slavery: iugum servitutis accipere
    • to shake off the yoke of slavery: iugum servitutis excutere
    • to shake off the yoke of slavery: servitutem exuere (Liv. 34. 7)
    • to deliver some one from slavery: ab aliquo servitutem or servitutis iugum depellere
  • servitus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • servitus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin