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See also: Servio and sérvio



From servus (slave, servant).



serviō (present infinitive servīre, perfect active servīvī, supine servītum); fourth conjugation, impersonal in the passive

  1. (with dative) I am a slave to; I serve
    • Seneca Minor, Epistulae Morales ad Lucilium, Epistula XCII
      Nemo liber est qui corpori servit.
      No one is free who is a slave to his body.
  2. (with dative) I am devoted to, subject to


The only passive forms found for this verb are third-person singular.

   Conjugation of servio (fourth conjugation, impersonal in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present serviō servīs servit servīmus servītis serviunt
imperfect serviēbam, servībam serviēbās, servībās serviēbat, servībat serviēbāmus, servībāmus serviēbātis, servībātis serviēbant, servībant
future serviam, servībō serviēs, servībis serviet, servībit serviēmus, servībimus serviētis, servībitis servient, servībunt
perfect servīvī, serviī servīvistī, servīstī servīvit, servīt servīvimus, servīmus servīvistis, servīstis servīvērunt, servērunt, servīvēre, servēre
pluperfect servīveram, servīram servīverās, servīrās servīverat, servīrat servīverāmus, servīrāmus servīverātis, servīrātis servīverant, servīrant
future perfect servīverō, servīrō servīveris, servīris servīverit, servīrit servīverimus, servīrimus servīveritis, servīritis servīverint, servīrint
passive present servītur
imperfect serviēbātur
future serviētur
perfect servītum est
pluperfect servītum erat
future perfect servītum erit
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present serviam serviās serviat serviāmus serviātis serviant
imperfect servīrem servīrēs servīret servīrēmus servīrētis servīrent
perfect servīverim, servīrim servīverīs, servīrīs servīverit, servīrit servīverīmus, servīrīmus servīverītis, servīrītis servīverint, servīrint
pluperfect servīvissem, servīssem servīvissēs, servīssēs servīvisset, servīsset servīvissēmus, servīssēmus servīvissētis, servīssētis servīvissent, servīssent
passive present serviātur
imperfect servīrētur
perfect servītum sit
pluperfect servītum esset, foret
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present servī servīte
future servītō servītō servītōte serviuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives servīre servīvisse, servīsse servītūrus esse servīrī servītum esse
participles serviēns servītūrus servītum serviendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
servīre serviendī serviendō serviendum servītum servītū

Related terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  • servio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • servio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • servio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to accommodate oneself to circumstances: tempori servire, cedere
    • to look after, guard a person's interests, welfare: commodis alicuius servire
    • to have regard for one's good name: famae servire, consulere
    • to be the slave of one's desires: cupiditatibus servire, pārēre
    • to be careful of one's dignity: dignitati suae servire, consulere
    • (ambiguous) to examine slaves by torture: de servis quaerere (in dominum)