servir

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Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

Verb[edit]

servir

  1. to serve

Related terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal servir, from Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

Verb[edit]

servir (first-person singular present serveixo, past participle servit)

  1. to serve
  2. to be useful

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French servir, from Old French servir, from Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

servir

  1. to serve (to bring a meal to someone)
  2. to be used for
  3. to be useful for someone, to be of use, come in handy.
  4. (sports) to serve (start a point with service)
  5. (sports) to set up (pass to, in order to give a scoring chance)
  6. (reflexive) to help oneself, to serve oneself
  7. (reflexive, with de) to use, make use of

Conjugation[edit]

This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include sortir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sers and (il) sert in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *servis and *servit (as in the past historic).

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

servir

  1. to serve

Conjugation[edit]


Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

servir

  1. Apocopic form of servire

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French servir, from Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

Verb[edit]

servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

Descendants[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal servir, from Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

Verb[edit]

servir

  1. to serve
  2. to be useful

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

Verb[edit]

servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

Verb[edit]

servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese servir, from Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

servir (first-person singular present indicative sirvo, past participle servido)

  1. (transitive) to serve (to work as a servant for someone)
  2. (religion, transitive) to serve (to worship a god)
  3. (transitive) to serve (to give out or place down food or drink)
  4. (intransitive, or transitive with em) to serve (to be part of an armed force)
    Servi dois anos na Legião Estrangeira.
    I served for two years in the Foreign Legion.
  5. (intransitive) to suffice; to do (to be good enough for a task)
    Esse martelo é ruim mas serve.
    This hammer is bad but it will do.
  6. (subordinating, transitive with para) to be for (to have as its purpose or utility)
    Martelos servem para as pessoas baterem pregos.
    Hammers are for people to hit nails with.

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:servir.

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

Verb[edit]

servir (first-person singular present sirvo, first-person singular preterite serví, past participle servido)

  1. to serve
  2. to be of use

Conjugation[edit]

  • Rule: e weakens to i in certain conjugations.

Related terms[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō. Compare Italian servire.

Verb[edit]

servir

  1. (transitive or intransitive) To serve

Conjugation[edit]

  • Venetian conjugation varies from one region to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.