servir

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Asturian

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Etymology

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From Latin servīre.

Verb

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servir

  1. to serve
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Catalan

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Catalan servir, from Latin servīre.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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servir (first-person singular present serveixo, first-person singular preterite serví, past participle servit)

  1. to serve
  2. to be useful, to be good for
    • 2019 September 18, Lluís Foix, “Negativisme desacomplexat”, in La Vanguardia[1]:
      La veracitat que s’atorga a les enquestes d’opinió pot persuadir molta gent que la política i els polítics ja no serveixen per canviar les coses.
      The veracity granted to opinion polls can persuade many people that politics and politicians are no good anymore for changing things.

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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References

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French

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Etymology

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Inherited from Middle French servir, from Old French servir, from Latin servīre.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /sɛʁ.viʁ/
  • audio; se servir de:(file)

Verb

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servir

  1. to serve (to help in a shop; to bring a meal to someone)
    Je suis allée en France avec ma mère l’année dernière et le serveur nous a servi des escargots!
    I went to France last year with my mother and the waiter served us escargots!
    On vous a servie, madame?
    Have you been helped, madam?
  2. to be used for
  3. (intransitive) to be useful, to be of use, come in handy [with à ‘to/for someone’]
  4. (sports) to serve (start a point with service)
  5. (sports) to set up (pass to, in order to give a scoring chance)
  6. (reflexive) to help oneself, to serve oneself
  7. (reflexive) to use, make use [with de ‘of something’]

Conjugation

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This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include sortir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sers and (il) sert in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *servis and *servit (as in the past historic).

This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include sortir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sers and (il) sert in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *servis and *servit (as in the past historic).

This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include sortir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sers and (il) sert in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *servis and *servit (as in the past historic).

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • German: servieren
  • Haitian Creole: sèvi

Further reading

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Galician

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Etymology

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From Old Galician-Portuguese servir, from Latin servīre.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [seɾˈβiɾ], [sɪɾˈβiɾ]

Verb

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servir (first-person singular present sirvo, third-person singular present serve, first-person singular preterite servín, past participle servido)

  1. (intransitive) to serve
  2. (intransitive) to be useful or fitting
    Synonym: valer
  3. (transitive) to serve

Conjugation

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References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “servir”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “servir”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • servir” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • servir” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • servir” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Interlingua

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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servir

  1. to serve

Conjugation

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Italian

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Verb

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servir (apocopated)

  1. Apocopic form of servire

Middle French

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Etymology

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From Old French servir, from Latin servīre.

Verb

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servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

Descendants

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Occitan

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Etymology

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From Old Occitan servir, from Latin servīre.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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servir

  1. to serve
  2. to be useful

Conjugation

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Old French

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Etymology

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From Latin servīre.

Verb

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servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

Conjugation

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This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

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Descendants

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Old Occitan

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Etymology

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From Latin servīre.

Verb

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servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

Descendants

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Portuguese

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Etymology

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From Old Galician-Portuguese servir, from Latin servīre.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: ser‧vir

Verb

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servir (first-person singular present sirvo, third-person singular present serve, first-person singular preterite servi, past participle servido)

  1. (transitive) to serve (to work as a servant for someone)
  2. (religion, transitive) to serve (to worship a god)
  3. (transitive) to serve (to give out or place down food or drink)
  4. (intransitive) to serve (to be part of an armed force) [with em ‘in an organization, especially a military one’]
    Servi dois anos na Legião Estrangeira.I served for two years in the Foreign Legion.
  5. (intransitive) to suffice; to do (to be good enough for a task)
    Esse martelo é ruim mas serve.This hammer is bad but it will do.
  6. (intransitive) to be for (to have as its purpose or utility) [with para (+ subject pronoun (optional) with personal infinitive) ‘for someone to do something’]
    Martelos servem para as pessoas baterem pregos.Hammers are for people to hit nails with.

Conjugation

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Quotations

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For quotations using this term, see Citations:servir.

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Spanish

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Etymology

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Inherited from Latin servīre.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /seɾˈbiɾ/ [seɾˈβ̞iɾ]
  • Rhymes: -iɾ
  • Syllabification: ser‧vir

Verb

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servir (first-person singular present sirvo, first-person singular preterite serví, past participle servido)

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to serve (to be a servant or worker; to render service)
    Es una empresa que sirve a los discapacitados.
    It's a business that serves the disabled.
  2. (intransitive, transitive) to serve (to be a servant for; to work for)
  3. (intransitive) to be of use, to be good for
    Hace diez años, la traducción automática no servía.
    Ten years ago, automated translation was no good.
    Este cuchillo sirve para cortar el pan.
    This knife is good for cutting bread.
  4. (intransitive) to serve (to usefully take the place of something else)
    sirve como recordatorioserves as a reminder
  5. (intransitive) to serve (to be in military service)
  6. (intransitive, transitive) to serve (to set down (food or drink) on the table to be eaten)
    El camarero nos sirvió la comida de otra mesa.
    The waiter served us another table's food.
  7. (intransitive, sports) to serve (to lead off with the first delivery over the net in tennis, volleyball, ping pong, badminton, etc.)
    Synonym: sacar
  8. (reflexive) to help oneself to (to take freely) [with de ‘something’]

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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Venetian

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Etymology

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From Latin servīre. Compare Italian servire.

Verb

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servir

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to serve

Conjugation

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  • Venetian conjugation varies from one region to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.