sortir

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Conflation of Latin surgere ‎(to rise) (present active infinitive of surgō) and sortīrī ‎(to select) (present active infinitive of sortior).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Eastern Catalan) IPA(key): /suɾˈti/
  • (Eastern Catalan) IPA(key): /soɾˈtiɾ/

Verb[edit]

sortir ‎(first-person singular present surto, past participle sortit)

  1. to go out, to leave
  2. to come out, to appear, to emerge
  3. to come out, to be published, to be made known
  4. to end up, to turn out

Conjugation[edit]

As collir.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Franco-Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sortīrī, present active infinitive of sortior, possibly influenced by a derivative of surgere, surrectus. Compare French sortir, Italian sortire, compare also Spanish surtir.

Verb[edit]

sortir

  1. (intransitive) to exit, go out, come out
  2. (transitive) to take out, bring out

Conjugation[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sortīrī, present active infinitive of sortior, possibly influenced by a derivative of surgere, surrectus. Compare Italian sortire, compare also Spanish surtir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sortir

  1. (intransitive) to exit, go out, come out
    Je suis sorti de l'école.
    I came out of school.
  2. (transitive) to take out, bring out
    En sortant mes crayons, je les ai accidentellement répandus partout.
    In taking out my pencils, I accidentally spilled them everywhere.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This verb uses the auxiliary verb avoir when used transitively (or with a transitive sense, even when the complement is omitted); otherwise (when it is intransitive), it uses être. Hence:
    Elle est sortie. “She went out.”
    Elle a sorti un crayon. “She took out a pencil.”

Conjugation[edit]

  • This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include partir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sors and (il) sort in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *sortis and *sortit (as in the past historic).

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sortir m ‎(plural sortirs)

  1. end, closing
    Au sortir du printemps
    At the closing of spring

External links[edit]


Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sortior, sortīrī.

Verb[edit]

sortir

  1. (Guernsey) to go out

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sortīrī, present active infinitive of sortior, possibly influenced by surgere, surrectus.

Verb[edit]

sortir

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Puter, Vallader) to exit