sortir

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Catalan sortir (compare Occitan sortir), from Latin sortīrī (select), probably influenced by surrectus (through a Vulgar Latin form *surctus and its derivatives, possibly through a verb *surrectīre, surctīre; cf. also Old Catalan surt, surta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sortir (first-person singular present surto, past participle sortit)

  1. to go out, to leave
    Synonyms: marxar, (chiefly Valencian) eixir
    Antonym: entrar
  2. to go out (to leave one's abode to go to public places, especially for recreation or entertainment)
  3. to come out, to appear, to emerge
    Synonyms: aparèixer, emergir
  4. to come out, to be published, to be made known
  5. to end up, to turn out
    sortirto come out well

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Franco-Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sortīrī (to select) (present active infinitive of sortior), probably influenced by surrectus (through a Vulgar Latin form *surctus and its derivatives, possibly through a verb *surrectīre, surctīre). Compare French sortir, Italian sortire, compare also Spanish surtir.

Verb[edit]

sortir

  1. (intransitive) to exit, go out, come out
  2. (transitive) to take out, bring out

Conjugation[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Latin sortīrī, present active infinitive of sortior, probably influenced by surrectus (through a Vulgar Latin form *surctus and its derivatives, possibly through a verb *surrectīre, surctīre). Compare Italian sortire, compare also Spanish surtir.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɔʁ.tiʁ/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

sortir

  1. (intransitive) to exit, go out, come out
    Je suis sorti de l'école.I came out of school.
  2. (transitive) to take out, bring out
    Je sortais les poubelles tous les mardis et les jeudis soirs.I used to take out the trash every Tuesday and Thursday evenings.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This verb uses the auxiliary verb avoir when used transitively (or with a transitive sense, even when the complement is omitted); otherwise (when it is intransitive), it uses être.

Conjugation[edit]

This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include partir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sors and (il) sort in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *sortis and *sortit (as in the past historic).

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

sortir m (plural sortirs)

  1. end, closing
    Au sortir du printemps
    At the closing of spring

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch sorteer, sorteren, from French assortir, from Old French, from Latin sortīrī, present active infinitive of sortior, probably influenced by surrectus (through a Vulgar Latin form *surctus and its derivatives, possibly through a verb *surrectīre, surctīre).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈsɔrtɪr]
  • Hyphenation: sor‧tir

Verb[edit]

sortir

  1. sort; arrange
    menyortir surat-suratsorting letters

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Latin sortīrī, present active infinitive of sortior, probably influenced by surrectus (through a Vulgar Latin form *surctus and its derivatives, possibly through a verb *surrectīre, surctīre).

Verb[edit]

sortir

  1. (Guernsey) to go out

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sortīrī, present active infinitive of sortior, probably influenced by surrectus (through a Vulgar Latin form *surctus and its derivatives, possibly through a verb *surrectīre, surctīre). Compare Italian sortire, French sortir.

Verb[edit]

sortir

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Puter, Vallader) to exit