-io

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Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ia in country names.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈio/
  • Hyphenation: i‧o
  • Rhymes: -io

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1. a country named after the root, whether that is a people, person, city, or river
    japano (a Japanese person) + ‎-io → ‎Japanio (Japan)
    Kolumbo (Columbus) + ‎-io → ‎Kolumbio (Colombia)
    Romo (Rome) + ‎-io → ‎Romio (the Roman Empire)
    Niĝero (the Niger River) + ‎-io → ‎Niĝerio (Nigeria)
    Esperanto (the Esperanto language) + ‎-io → ‎Esperantio (a notional Esperanto-speaking land)
  2. a science named after its practitioner
    astronomo (astronomer) + ‎-io → ‎astronomio (astronomy)
    biologo (biologist) + ‎-io → ‎biologio (biology)
    kirurgo (surgeon) + ‎-io → ‎kirurgio (surgery (branch of medicine))

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From multiple sources, including extraction from words derived with -o from verb stems ending in -i, as well as from earlier and still dialectal -i(j)o, from -ja-i (for labial ai > o, compare plural forms of kala-type nouns), from -ja + -i.

Suffix[edit]

-io (front vowel harmony variant -iö)

  1. Forms nouns from verbs or verbal stems.
    itää (to sprout) + ‎-io → ‎itiö (spore (of e.g. mushroom, moss))
    valita (to choose) + ‎-io → ‎valio (elite, select)
  2. Forms nouns from other nouns, adjectives, numbers or their stems.
    yksi (one) + ‎-io → ‎yksiö (a one-room apartment)
    kolme (three) + ‎-io → ‎kolmio (a triangle; a yield sign)
    neljä (four) + ‎-io → ‎neliö (a square); shorter form for a square meter

Declension[edit]

Inflection of -io (Kotus type 3/valtio, no gradation)
nominative -io -iot
genitive -ion -ioiden
-ioitten
partitive -iota -ioita
illative -ioon -ioihin
singular plural
nominative -io -iot
accusative nom. -io -iot
gen. -ion
genitive -ion -ioiden
-ioitten
partitive -iota -ioita
inessive -iossa -ioissa
elative -iosta -ioista
illative -ioon -ioihin
adessive -iolla -ioilla
ablative -iolta -ioilta
allative -iolle -ioille
essive -iona -ioina
translative -ioksi -ioiksi
instructive -ioin
abessive -iotta -ioitta
comitative -ioineen
Possessive forms of -io (type valtio)
possessor singular plural
1st person -ioni -iomme
2nd person -iosi -ionne
3rd person -ionsa

Derived terms[edit]


Anagrams[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English -ia, French -ie, Italian -ia, Russian -ия (-ija), Spanish -ia, ultimately from Latin -ia, from Ancient Greek -ία (-ía).

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1. suffix denoting the country, region, domain, territory or province dependent upon the authority of a person
    duko (duke; duchess) + ‎-io → ‎dukio (duchy)
    episkopo (bishop) + ‎-io → ‎episkopio (bishopric, diocese, episcopate)
    paroko (parish priest, rector) + ‎-io → ‎parokio (parish)
    rejo (sovereign, ruler, king, queen, monarch) + ‎-io → ‎rejio (kingdom)

Usage notes[edit]

A common but false misconception is that countries that end with -ia in Ido, for example Albania, use this suffix when in fact it's part of the root itself. Though, -io at times can help shape country names to fit; Mexikia uses the extra i so not to be confused with Mexiko (Mexico City) at the same time resembling other country names.

Derived terms[edit]



Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown. Perhaps from Latin -ērium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈio̯/
  • Hyphenation: -ì‧o

Suffix[edit]

-io m (plural -ii)

  1. Used with verb roots to derive nouns with durative, intensive or frequentative connotation; -le
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -īvus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈio̯/
  • Hyphenation: -ì‧o

Suffix[edit]

-io m (plural -ii)

  1. Alternative form of -ivo

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin -ius.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-io m

  1. Added to nouns and adjectives to form adjectives meaning “having the quality of”; -y

Etymology 4[edit]

From Latin -ium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-io m

  1. Forms the name of chemical elements; -ium
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 5[edit]

From Latin -īvit via Vulgar Latin -īut.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

  1. (archaic, Dantesque) Used with a stem to form the third-person singular past historic of regular -ire verbs.

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Suffix on i-stems.

Suffix[edit]

-iō f (genitive -iōnis); third declension

  1. Used to form abstract nouns from verbs.
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -iō is added to a verb to create a third-declension feminine abstract noun.

Examples:
legiō, from legō
regiō, from regō
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -iō -iōnēs
Genitive -iōnis -iōnum
Dative -iōnī -iōnibus
Accusative -iōnem -iōnēs
Ablative -iōne -iōnibus
Vocative -iō -iōnēs
Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From -i-ō Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-yeti.

Suffix[edit]

-iō (present infinitive -iāre, perfect active -iāvī, supine -iātum); first conjugation

  1. Used to form causative verbs from adjectives.
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of -iō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -iō -iās -iat -iāmus -iātis -iant
imperfect -iābam -iābās -iābat -iābāmus -iābātis -iābant
future -iābō -iābis -iābit -iābimus -iābitis -iābunt
perfect -iāvī -iāvistī -iāvit -iāvimus -iāvistis -iāvērunt, -iāvēre
pluperfect -iāveram -iāverās -iāverat -iāverāmus -iāverātis -iāverant
future perfect -iāverō -iāveris -iāverit -iāverimus -iāveritis -iāverint
passive present -ior -iāris, -iāre -iātur -iāmur -iāminī -iantur
imperfect -iābar -iābāris, -iābāre -iābātur -iābāmur -iābāminī -iābantur
future -iābor -iāberis, -iābere -iābitur -iābimur -iābiminī -iābuntur
perfect -iātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect -iātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect -iātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -iem -iēs -iet -iēmus -iētis -ient
imperfect -iārem -iārēs -iāret -iārēmus -iārētis -iārent
perfect -iāverim -iāverīs -iāverit -iāverīmus -iāverītis -iāverint
pluperfect -iāvissem -iāvissēs -iāvisset -iāvissēmus -iāvissētis -iāvissent
passive present -ier -iēris, -iēre -iētur -iēmur -iēminī -ientur
imperfect -iārer -iārēris, -iārēre -iārētur -iārēmur -iārēminī -iārentur
perfect -iātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect -iātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -iā -iāte
future -iātō -iātō -iātōte -iantō
passive present -iāre -iāminī
future -iātor -iātor -iantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives -iāre -iāvisse -iātūrum esse -iārī -iātum esse -iātum īrī
participles -iāns -iātūrus -iātus -iandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
-iandī -iandō -iandum -iandō -iātum -iātū
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 3[edit]

From i stem+*-yéti (denominative suffix) or later non-inherited fabrications.

Suffix[edit]

-iō (present infinitive -īre, perfect active -īvī, supine -ītum); fourth conjugation

  1. Used to form fourth conjugation verbs.
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of -iō (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -iō -īs -it -īmus -ītis -iunt
imperfect -iēbam -iēbās -iēbat -iēbāmus -iēbātis -iēbant
future -iam -iēs -iet -iēmus -iētis -ient
perfect -īvī -īvistī -īvit -īvimus -īvistis -īvērunt, -īvēre
pluperfect -īveram -īverās -īverat -īverāmus -īverātis -īverant
future perfect -īverō -īveris -īverit -īverimus -īveritis -īverint
passive present -ior -īris, -īre -ītur -īmur -īminī -iuntur
imperfect -iēbar -iēbāris, -iēbāre -iēbātur -iēbāmur -iēbāminī -iēbantur
future -iar -iēris, -iēre -iētur -iēmur -iēminī -ientur
perfect -ītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect -ītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect -ītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -iam -iās -iat -iāmus -iātis -iant
imperfect -īrem -īrēs -īret -īrēmus -īrētis -īrent
perfect -īverim -īverīs -īverit -īverīmus -īverītis -īverint
pluperfect -īvissem -īvissēs -īvisset -īvissēmus -īvissētis -īvissent
passive present -iar -iāris, -iāre -iātur -iāmur -iāminī -iantur
imperfect -īrer -īrēris, -īrēre -īrētur -īrēmur -īrēminī -īrentur
perfect -ītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect -ītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -īte
future -ītō -ītō -ītōte -iuntō
passive present -īre -īminī
future -ītor -ītor -iuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives -īre -īvisse -ītūrum esse -īrī -ītum esse -ītum īrī
participles -iēns -ītūrus -ītus -iendus, -iundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
-iendī -iendō -iendum -iendō -ītum -ītū

Old Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ium, from the adjectival suffix -ius.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1.  (added to nouns) A suffix forming abstract nouns.
    sennor (lord, master) + ‎-io → ‎sennorio (dominion, jurisdiction)

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Spanish: -ío

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from New Latin -ium, from Latin -um, based on Latin terms for metals, such as ferrum (iron).

Suffix[edit]

-io m

  1. -ium

Derived terms[edit]



Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1. Forms verbnouns from verbs and other parts of speech.

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]

  • -o (Forms verbnouns from verb stems ending in )