-io

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Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ia in country names.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈio/
  • Hyphenation: i‧o
  • Rhymes: -io

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1. a country named after the root, whether that is a people, person, city, or river
    japano (a Japanese person) + ‎-io → ‎Japanio (Japan)
    Kolumbo (Columbus) + ‎-io → ‎Kolumbio (Columbia)
    Romo (Rome) + ‎-io → ‎Romio (the Roman Empire)
    Niĝero (the Niger River) + ‎-io → ‎Niĝerio (Nigeria)
    Esperanto (the Esperanto language) + ‎-io → ‎Esperantio (a notional Esperanto-speaking land)
  2. a science named after its practitioner
    astronomo (astronomer) + ‎-io → ‎astronomio (astronomy)
    biologo (biologist) + ‎-io → ‎biologio (biology)
    kirurgo (surgeon) + ‎-io → ‎kirurgio (surgery (branch of medicine))

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Suffix[edit]

-io (front vowel harmony variant -iö)

  1. Forms nouns from verbs or verbal stems.
    itää (to sprout) + ‎-io → ‎itiö (spore (of e.g. mushroom, moss))
    valita (to choose) + ‎-io → ‎valio (elite, select)
  2. Forms nouns from other nouns, adjectives, numbers or their stems.
    yksi (one) + ‎-io → ‎yksiö (a one-room apartment)
    kolme (three) + ‎-io → ‎kolmio (a triangle; a yield sign)
    neljä (four) + ‎-io → ‎neliö (a square); shorter form for a square meter

Declension[edit]

Inflection of -io (Kotus type 3/valtio, no gradation)
nominative -io -iot
genitive -ion -ioiden
-ioitten
partitive -iota -ioita
illative -ioon -ioihin
singular plural
nominative -io -iot
accusative nom. -io -iot
gen. -ion
genitive -ion -ioiden
-ioitten
partitive -iota -ioita
inessive -iossa -ioissa
elative -iosta -ioista
illative -ioon -ioihin
adessive -iolla -ioilla
ablative -iolta -ioilta
allative -iolle -ioille
essive -iona -ioina
translative -ioksi -ioiksi
instructive -ioin
abessive -iotta -ioitta
comitative -ioineen

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English -ia, French -ie, Italian -ia, Russian -ия (-ija), Spanish -ia, ultimately from Latin -ia, from Ancient Greek -ία (-ía).

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1. suffix denoting the country, region, domain, territory or province dependent upon the authority of a person
    duko (duke; duchess) + ‎-io → ‎dukio (duchy)
    episkopo (bishop) + ‎-io → ‎episkopio (bishopric, diocese, episcopate)
    paroko (parish priest, rector) + ‎-io → ‎parokio (parish)
    rejo (sovereign, ruler, king, queen, monarch) + ‎-io → ‎rejio (kingdom)

Usage notes[edit]

A common but false misconception is that countries that end with -ia in Ido, for example Albania, use this suffix when in fact it's part of the root itself. Though, -io at times can help shape country names to fit; Mexikia uses the extra i so not to be confused with Mexiko (Mexico City) at the same time resembling other country names.

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈio̯/
  • Stress: -ìo

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown. Perhaps from Latin -ērium.

Suffix[edit]

-io m (plural -ii)

  1. Used with verb roots to derive nouns with durative, intensive or frequentative connotation; -le
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -īvus.

Suffix[edit]

-io m (plural -ii)

  1. Alternative form of -ivo

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin -ius.

Suffix[edit]

-io m

  1. Added to nouns and adjectives to form adjectives meaning “having the quality of”; -y

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -ium.

Suffix[edit]

-io m

  1. Forms the name of chemical elements; -ium
Derived terms[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Suffix on i-stems.

Suffix[edit]

-iō f (genitive -iōnis); third declension

  1. Used to form abstract nouns from verbs.
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -iō is added to a verb to create a third-declension feminine abstract noun.

Examples:
legiō, from legō
regiō, from regō
Declension[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative -iō -iōnēs
genitive -iōnis -iōnum
dative -iōnī -iōnibus
accusative -iōnem -iōnēs
ablative -iōne -iōnibus
vocative -iō -iōnēs
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Suffix[edit]

present active -iō, present infinitive -iāre, perfect active -iāvī, supine -iātum

  1. Used to form causative verbs from adjectives.
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of -io (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -iō -iās -iat -iāmus -iātis -iant
imperfect -iābam -iābās -iābat -iābāmus -iābātis -iābant
future -iābō -iābis -iābit -iābimus -iābitis -iābunt
perfect -iāvī -iāvistī -iāvit -iāvimus -iāvistis -iāvērunt, -iāvēre
pluperfect -iāveram -iāverās -iāverat -iāverāmus -iāverātis -iāverant
future perfect -iāverō -iāveris -iāverit -iāverimus -iāveritis -iāverint
passive present -ior -iāris, -iāre -iātur -iāmur -iāminī -iantur
imperfect -iābar -iābāris, -iābāre -iābātur -iābāmur -iābāminī -iābantur
future -iābor -iāberis, -iābere -iābitur -iābimur -iābiminī -iābuntur
perfect -iātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect -iātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect -iātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -iem -iēs -iet -iēmus -iētis -ient
imperfect -iārem -iārēs -iāret -iārēmus -iārētis -iārent
perfect -iāverim -iāverīs -iāverit -iāverīmus -iāverītis -iāverint
pluperfect -iāvissem -iāvissēs -iāvisset -iāvissēmus -iāvissētis -iāvissent
passive present -ier -iēris, -iēre -iētur -iēmur -iēminī -ientur
imperfect -iārer -iārēris, -iārēre -iārētur -iārēmur -iārēminī -iārentur
perfect -iātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect -iātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -iā -iāte
future -iātō -iātō -iātōte -iantō
passive present -iāre -iāminī
future -iātor -iātor -iantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives -iāre -iāvisse -iātūrus esse -iārī -iātus esse -iātum īrī
participles -iāns -iātūrus -iātus -iandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
-iāre -iandī -iandō -iandum -iātum -iātū
Derived terms[edit]

Old Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ium, from the adjectival suffix -ius.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1.  (added to nouns) A suffix forming abstract nouns.
    sennor (lord, master) + ‎-io → ‎sennorio (dominion, jurisdiction)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from New Latin -ium, from Latin -um, based on Latin terms for metals, such as ferrum (iron).

Suffix[edit]

-io m

  1. -ium

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1. Suffix used to form verbal nouns.

Derived terms[edit]