-io

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Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin -ia in country names.

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1. a country named after the root, whether that is a people, person, city, or river
    japano ‎(a Japanese person) → Japanio ‎(Japan)
    Kolumbo ‎(Columbus) → Kolumbio ‎(Columbia)
    Romo ‎(Rome) → Romio ‎(the Roman Empire)
    Niĝero ‎(the Niger River) → Niĝerio ‎(Nigeria)
    Esperanto ‎(the Esperanto language) → Esperantio ‎(a notional Esperanto-speaking land)
  2. a science named after its practitioner
    astronomo ‎(astronomer) → astronomio ‎(astronomy)
    biologo ‎(biologist) → biologio ‎(biology)
    kirurgo ‎(surgeon) → kirurgio ‎(surgery (branch of medicine))

Synonyms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-io ‎(front vowel harmony variant -iö)

  1. Forms nouns from verbs or verbal stems.
    itää to sprout -> itiö spore (of eg. mushroom, moss)
    valita to choose -> valio elite, select
  2. Forms nouns from other nouns, adjectives, numbers or their stems.
    yksi one -> yksiö a one-room apartment
    kolme three -> kolmio a triangle; a yield sign
    neljä four -> neliö a square; shorter form for a square meter

Declension[edit]

Inflection of -io (Kotus type 3/valtio, no gradation)
nominative -io -iot
genitive -ion -ioiden
-ioitten
partitive -iota -ioita
illative -ioon -ioihin
singular plural
nominative -io -iot
accusative nom.? -io -iot
gen. -ion
genitive -ion -ioiden
-ioitten
partitive -iota -ioita
inessive -iossa -ioissa
elative -iosta -ioista
illative -ioon -ioihin
adessive -iolla -ioilla
ablative -iolta -ioilta
allative -iolleˣ -ioilleˣ
essive -iona -ioina
translative -ioksi -ioiksi
instructive -ioin
abessive -iotta -ioitta
comitative -ioineen

Derived terms[edit]



Ido[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]



Italian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1. continuation, strength
  2. state, condition

Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-iō f ‎(genitive -iōnis); third declension

  1. Alternative form of -tio

Old Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ium, from the adjectival suffix -ius.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1.  (added to nouns) A suffix forming abstract nouns.
    sennor ‎(lord, master) → sennorio ‎(dominion, jurisdiction)

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin, from Latin -um, based on Latin terms for metals, such as ferrum ‎(iron).

Suffix[edit]

-io m

  1. -ium

Derived terms[edit]



Welsh[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-io

  1. Suffix used to form verbal nouns.

Derived terms[edit]