Niger

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: niger and Níger

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Commonly linked by folk etymology to Latin niger (black), which likely influenced the modern spelling.

Some sources give the term to Tuareg roots, deriving it from a claimed gher n-gheren or egereou n-igereouen (river of rivers).[1][2]

Older sources derive Niger, via a series of mistranslations and geographic misplacements by Greek, Roman and Arab geographers, from Ptolemy's descriptions of the wadi Gir (in modern Algeria) and the "Lower Gir" (or "Ni-Gir") to the south.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈnaɪ.dʒə(ɹ)/ or, for the country, also /niːˈʒɛə(ɹ)/
  • (General American) enPR: nīʹjər, IPA(key): /ˈnaɪ.dʒɚ/ or, for the country, also enPR: nēzhârʹ, /niːˈʒɛɚ/
    The second pronunciations of the country's name follow how it is pronounced in French, the official language of Niger.[4][5]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪdʒə(ɹ), -ɛə(ɹ)

Proper noun[edit]

Niger

  1. A country in West Africa, situated to the north of Nigeria. Official name: Republic of Niger.
  2. A major river in West Africa that flows into the Gulf of Guinea in Nigeria.
  3. A state of Nigeria, in the western part of the country north of the Niger River.

Hypernyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. K. Meek, The Niger and the Classics: The History of a Name. The Journal of African History. Vol. 1, No. 1 (1960), pp. 1-17
  2. ^ Niger” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.
  3. ^ compare: The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of useful Knowledge, vol. 16 (Murillo—Organ), 1840, NIGER, or rather NIGIR
  4. ^ How Do You Pronounce "Niger"? by Avi Zenilman, July 16, 2003, Slate.com
  5. ^ So What Is This Place? by Nicholas D. Kristof, October 11, 2005, New York Times

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Niger m

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)
  2. Niger (a major river in West Africa)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Proper noun[edit]

Niger

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Niger (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Niger
genitive Nigerin
partitive Nigeriä
illative Nigeriin
singular plural
nominative Niger
accusative nom. Niger
gen. Nigerin
genitive Nigerin
partitive Nigeriä
inessive Nigerissä
elative Nigeristä
illative Nigeriin
adessive Nigerillä
ablative Nigeriltä
allative Nigerille
essive Nigerinä
translative Nigeriksi
instructive
abessive Nigerittä
comitative
Possessive forms of Niger (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person Nigerini Nigerimme
2nd person Nigerisi Nigerinne
3rd person Nigerinsä

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Niger m

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


German[edit]

German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Niger m or n (genitive Nigers)

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Niger m (genitive Nigers)

  1. Niger (a major river in West Africa)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Proper noun[edit]

Niger m

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)
  2. Niger (a major river in West Africa)

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From niger (black, dark).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Niger m (genitive Nigrī); second declension

  1. A Roman agnomen, or "nickname"

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (nominative singular in -er).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Niger Nigrī
Genitive Nigrī Nigrōrum
Dative Nigrō Nigrīs
Accusative Nigrum Nigrōs
Ablative Nigrō Nigrīs
Vocative Niger Nigrī

Proper noun[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Niger m sg (genitive Nigris); third declension

  1. Niger (a major river in West Africa)
    • 1534, Joachim Vadianus, Epitome trium terrae partium Asiae, Africae et Europae compendiariam...:
      Efficit autem hoc suo flexu, ut etiam ultra Athlantem Africa ad usque Nigrim fluuium excurrat, Plinio & Ptolemaeo.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Niger
Genitive Nigris
Dative Nigrī
Accusative Nigrim
Ablative Nigre
Vocative Niger

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Proper noun[edit]

Niger

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

Related terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Proper noun[edit]

Niger

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

Related terms[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Niger m

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)
  2. Niger (a major river in West Africa)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /nîɡer/
  • Hyphenation: Ni‧ger

Proper noun[edit]

Nȉger m (Cyrillic spelling Ни̏гер)

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)
  2. Niger (a major river in West Africa)

Declension[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Swahili Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sw

Proper noun[edit]

Niger

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Niger n (genitive Nigers)

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

Anagrams[edit]