Madagascar

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See also: Madagáscar

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
12th Century Tabula Rogeriana, with Gezīra al-Qamar and Gezīra al-Mālāī in the Upper Left-hand Corner

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French Madagascar, from Madageiscar, popularly reputed as a corrupted transliteration of Mogadishu by Marco Polo's misreading of Arabic.[1][2] The maps of particular interest are that of al-Idrisi in the 12th century, who produced the Tabula Rogeriana, the most advanced world map at the time.

The actual misconstrued term was Arabic جَزِيرَة المَالَائِيّ(jazīrat al-mālāʾiyy, The Island of Mālāī) listed along side Arabic جَزِيرَة القَمَر(jazīrat al-qamar, The Island of the Moon) which lent its name to Comoros; Madagascar however likely being the original based on its dimensions.

The map in question warps the direction of Africa's east coast to be parallel to the coast of southeast Asia, prompting a conflation of the regions furthest east and furthest south, in the reaches of Arab exploration. This perhaps makes the Island of Mālāī both representing Madagascar and an island in Indonesia, likely Sumatra, in close proximity to Malaysia. To conflate matters further, the populations of both regions are of Austronesian background, a thing pointed out by Arab explorers who identified Madagascar as colony of the former region. A second wave of Austronesians, including Malays, did indeed migrate to the island after the first group had originally left from what was likely Southern Borneo from linguistic and genetic analysis.

"Mālāī-Gezīra" also holds connection to the term for the people and languages of the island, Malagasy, which had earlier forms Malegass and Madegass, because of dialect division.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /madəˈɡaskə/, /-ɑː/
  • (US) IPA(key): /mædəˈɡæskɑɹ/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Madagascar

  1. A country and island off the east coast of Africa. Official name: Republic of Madagascar. Capital: Antananarivo

Holonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

Madagascar (plural Madagascars)

  1. (rare, obsolete) a resident of Madagascar.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “Madagascar”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. ^ Madagascar, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, September 2021.

Catalan[edit]

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Madagascar m

  1. Madagascar

Central Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Madagascar

  1. Madagascar (a country in Africa)

Central Nahuatl[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Madagascar

  1. Madagascar (a country in Africa)

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Madagascar m

  1. Madagascar
    Synonym: Grande Île

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Proper noun[edit]

Madagascar m

  1. Madagascar

Related terms[edit]


Manx[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Madagascar m

  1. Madagascar

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
Madagascar Vadagascar unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: Ma‧da‧gas‧car

Proper noun[edit]

Madagascar f

  1. Brazilian Portuguese standard spelling of Madagáscar.

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /madaɡasˈkaɾ/, [ma.ð̞a.ɣ̞asˈkaɾ]

Proper noun[edit]

Madagascar ?

  1. Madagascar