-ito

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See also: ito

Esperanto[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ito

  1. See -it-

Italian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ito

  1. Used with a stem to form the past participle of regular -ire verbs

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -tō, although the appearance of -i- when affixed to first conjugation verbs has not been explained.

Suffix[edit]

-itō

  1. Forms frequentative verbs from existing verbs.

Usage notes[edit]

Unlike -tō, this suffix is attached to the present stem of the verb. The vowel of the suffix replaces any final vowel of the stem, thus cantā- > cant-itā-. It is often found suffixed to first conjugation verbs, including existing frequentatives in -tō, but some examples from other conjugations also exist, such as agō > agitō.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of -ito (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -itō -itās -itat -itāmus -itātis -itant
imperfect -itābam -itābās -itābat -itābāmus -itābātis -itābant
future -itābō -itābis -itābit -itābimus -itābitis -itābunt
perfect -itāvī -itāvistī -itāvit -itāvimus -itāvistis -itāvērunt, -itāvēre
pluperfect -itāveram -itāverās -itāverat -itāverāmus -itāverātis -itāverant
future perfect -itāverō -itāveris -itāverit -itāverimus -itāveritis -itāverint
passive present -itor -itāris, -itāre -itātur -itāmur -itāminī -itantur
imperfect -itābar -itābāris, -itābāre -itābātur -itābāmur -itābāminī -itābantur
future -itābor -itāberis, -itābere -itābitur -itābimur -itābiminī -itābuntur
perfect -itātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect -itātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect -itātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -item -itēs -itet -itēmus -itētis -itent
imperfect -itārem -itārēs -itāret -itārēmus -itārētis -itārent
perfect -itāverim -itāverīs -itāverit -itāverīmus -itāverītis -itāverint
pluperfect -itāvissem -itāvissēs -itāvisset -itāvissēmus -itāvissētis -itāvissent
passive present -iter -itēris, -itēre -itētur -itēmur -itēminī -itentur
imperfect -itārer -itārēris, -itārēre -itārētur -itārēmur -itārēminī -itārentur
perfect -itātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect -itātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -itā -itāte
future -itātō -itātō -itātōte -itantō
passive present -itāre -itāminī
future -itātor -itātor -itantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives -itāre -itāvisse -itātūrus esse -itārī -itātus esse -itātum īrī
participles -itāns -itātūrus -itātus -itandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
-itāre -itandī -itandō -itandum -itātum -itātū

Derived terms[edit]



Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ito m ‎(feminine -ita, plural -itos, feminine plural -itas)

  1. (geology) -ite (forms the names of rocks and minerals)

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Late Latin -ittus.

Suffix[edit]

-ito m ‎(feminine -ita, plural -itos, feminine plural -itas)

  1. -ie (forms diminutives)

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin -ittus.

Suffix[edit]

-ito m ‎(feminine -ita, plural -itos, feminine plural -itas)

  1. Substituted for “o” at the end of masculine words and names to denote a diminutive form.
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ito

  1. Forms names of minerals.
    Example: grafito

Etymology 3[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ito

  1. (chemistry) Forms the name of an salt derived from an acid (similar to -ate in English).