-issimus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Via Italo-Celtic *-isemo- (Latin), *-isamo- (Celtic and Sabine), from Proto-Indo-European *-is- (zero-grade of *-yos- (intensive-comparative suffix)) + *-(t)m̥mo- (absolutive suffix). The latter is seen whole in -timus (e.g. intimus - extimus, citimus - ultimus, dissimulated pessimus - optimus). The original form seems, however, to be *-m̥mo- (cf. super - summus, Gothic 𐌹𐌽𐌽𐌿𐌼𐌰 ‎(innuma, innermost)), with acquired t from the paradigm -ter- - -timus- (e.g. exter - extimus), and is cognate with Proto-Germanic *-umô (source, via metanalysis, of English -most). By various sound changes superlative grades in -īmus, -ēmus (e.g. extrēmus, suprēmus) are also found. The expected alteration of *-(o)ism̥mos to *-erimus is nowhere to be found. The -issimus may be an example of expressive lengthening of the *-s- or influence from specific forms as pessimus and endings in -errimus and -illimus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-issimus m ‎(feminine -issima, neuter -issimum); first/second declension

  1. added to an adjective noun to form its superlative grade

Usage notes[edit]

Declension[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative -issimus -issima -issimum -issimī -issimae -issima
genitive -issimī -issimae -issimī -issimōrum -issimārum -issimōrum
dative -issimō -issimae -issimō -issimīs -issimīs -issimīs
accusative -issimum -issimam -issimum -issimōs -issimās -issima
ablative -issimō -issimā -issimō -issimīs -issimīs -issimīs
vocative -issime -issima -issimum -issimī -issimae -issima

Coordinate terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press