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From earlier *suprezmo- < *superezemo- < *superisemo-, from super +‎ -issimus. Same development as extrēmus and postrēmus. Confer with summus.



suprēmus (feminine suprēma, neuter suprēmum); first/second declension

  1. highest, supreme
  2. very high etc


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative suprēmus suprēma suprēmum suprēmī suprēmae suprēma
genitive suprēmī suprēmae suprēmī suprēmōrum suprēmārum suprēmōrum
dative suprēmō suprēmō suprēmīs
accusative suprēmum suprēmam suprēmum suprēmōs suprēmās suprēma
ablative suprēmō suprēmā suprēmō suprēmīs
vocative suprēme suprēma suprēmum suprēmī suprēmae suprēma


Derived terms[edit]



  • supremus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “supremus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • supremus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to depart this life: mortem (diem supremum) obire
    • (ambiguous) on one's last day: supremo vitae die
    • (ambiguous) to perform the last rites for a person: supremo officio in aliquem fungi
    • (ambiguous) to perform the last offices of affection: supremis officiis aliquem prosequi (vid sect. VI. 11., note Prosequi...)
    • (ambiguous) the last wishes of a deceased person: alicuius mortui voluntas (suprema)
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195083458