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See also: Maximus


Alternative forms[edit]


From *magissimus, *magsimus, from Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s ‎(great), whence magnus.



maximus ‎(superlative of magnus)

  1. greatest, largest, most powerful
  2. oldest, eldest


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative maximus maxima maximum maximī maximae maxima
genitive maximī maximae maximī maximōrum maximārum maximōrum
dative maximō maximō maximīs
accusative maximum maximam maximum maximōs maximās maxima
ablative maximō maximā maximō maximīs
vocative maxime maxima maximum maximī maximae maxima




  • maximus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • maximus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • maximus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • it is high time that..: tempus maximum est, ut
    • to be in the enjoyment of a large fortune: fortunis maximis ornatum esse
    • to remunerate (handsomely): praemiis (amplissimis, maximis) aliquem afficere
    • to praise, extol, commend a person: (maximis, summis) laudibus efferre aliquem or aliquid
    • to win golden opinions from every one: maximam ab omnibus laudem adipisci
    • to be overwhelmed by a great affliction: in maximos luctus incidere
    • time assuages the most violent grief: vel maximos luctus vetustate tollit diuturnitas (Fam. 5. 16. 5)
    • to inspire some one with the most brilliant hopes: in maximam spem aliquem adducere (Att. 2. 22. 3)
    • to be reduced to extreme financial embarrassment: in maximas angustias (pecuniae) adduci
    • a numerous army: ingens, maximus exercitus (not numerosus)
    • to procure a very large supply of corn: frumenti vim maximam comparare
    • by the longest possible forced marches: quam maximis itineribus (potest)
    • the main point: id quod maximum, gravissimum est
  • maximus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers