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From Latin -īre, the ending of the present active infinitive form of fourth conjugation verbs. Cognate with Spanish and French -ir, Italian -ire, etc.



  1. A suffix forming infinitives of many verbs.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Most verbs with infinitives in are marked by the once-inchoative infix -ăsc- in many parts of their conjugation, as well as in various derived words; two such verbs are a urî (to hate) and a hotărî (to decide).
  • A sizable group of verbs have infinitives in but do not use the infix -ăsc-, and are otherwise fairly regular; these include, among others, the common verb a coborî (to descend).
  • There is a variant form, -i, derived from the same Latin source.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]