From Middle English surgien, borrowed from Anglo-Norman surgien, sirogen (Old French surgien et al.), from Vulgar Latin *chīrurgiānus, from Latin chīrūrgia (“surgery”), from chīrurgus (“surgeon”), borrowed from Ancient Greek χειρουργός (kheirourgós), from χείρ (kheír, “hand”) + ἔργον (érgon, “work”).
- One who performs surgery; a doctor who performs operations on people or animals.
- The surgeon refused to operate because the patient was her son.
- A surgeonfish.
- In the UK, a surgeon holds a fellowship or a postgraduate degree in order to be known as a surgeon. For instance: FRCS or Master of Surgery
- In the United States, a surgeon belongs to a subcategory of doctors (physicians) whose practice is largely or exclusively focused on surgery. They generally hold a credential from a medical body regulating the specialty in which they practice.
- aesthetic surgeon
- barber surgeon
- brain surgeon
- cosmetic surgeon
- dental surgeon
- heart surgeon
- orthopedic surgeon
- plastic surgeon
- psychic surgeon
- staff surgeon
- surgeon general
- surgeon major
- surgeon's knot
- tree surgeon
- veterinary surgeon
From Middle French sourgon, sourjon, from Old French sorjon, sourjon (“source”) (1200s), from a conjugated form of sourdre (see sourjant) + -on, from Latin surgere. The modern spelling dates from 1541.
surgeon m (plural surgeons)
- (botany) shoot (new growth from the trunk of a tree)
- (figuratively) offshoot, rebirth (something that is reborn or grows out of something else again)
- (archaic) offspring, progeny (descendant of someone)
- “surgeon” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).