Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ser-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*ser-

  1. to flow

Extensions[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ser-o-
    • Proto-Italic: *serom (serum, whey)
      • Latin: serum (see there for further descendants)
  • *sor-o-
    • Proto-Hellenic: *horós (serum, whey)
      • Ancient Greek: ὀρός (orós) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sor-méh₂
    • Proto-Hellenic: *hοrmā́
      • Ancient Greek: ὁρμή (hormḗ) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian:
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian:
      • Proto-Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: सिरा (sirā́, stream, channel; vessel in the body) (see there for further descendants)

Root[edit]

*ser-

  1. to guard

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ser-wo-s
    • Proto-Italic: *serwos (or perhaps from the sense “to bind” below)
      • Latin: servus (see there for further descendants)
  • *ser-w-eh₂-ye-ti

Root[edit]

*ser-[1][2][3]

  1. to bind, to tie together
  2. thread

Derived terms[edit]

  • *sér-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *sér-ye-ti (ye-present)
  • *sér-mn̥ ~ *sér-mō
  • *sér-ti-s
    • Proto-Italic: *sortis
      • Latin: sors (see there for further descendants)
  • *sór-mo-s
  • *ser-wo-s
    • >? Proto-Italic: *serwos (or from the sense “to guard” above)
      • Latin: servus (see there for further descendants)
  • *sor-wo-m
    • Proto-Germanic: *sarwą (equipment, armour) (possibly)(or from the sense “to guard” above) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:

Root[edit]

*ser-[5]

  1. to take, to grasp, seize
  2. to steal, plunder; booty
    Synonym: *klep-

Derived terms[edit]

  • *sr̥-yé-ti (ye-present)
  • *ser-(e-)ti (root present)
  • *sór-u-[6]
  • *ser-weh₂-
    • Proto-Celtic: *serwā (theft, plundering) (see there for further descendants)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “4. ser-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 911
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “2. *ser-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 534-535
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “sērt”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 549
  5. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “3. *ser-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 535
  6. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “šāru-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 738–739