alkali

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See also: Alkali and alkáli

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French alcali, ultimately from Arabic اَلْقِلْي ‎(al-qily, alkali, ashes of the saltwort), related to قَلَى ‎(qalā, to roast in a pan, fry).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alkali ‎(plural alkalies or alkalis)

  1. (chemistry) One of a class of caustic bases, such as soda, potash, ammonia, and lithia, whose distinguishing peculiarities are solubility in alcohol and water, uniting with oils and fats to form soap, neutralizing and forming salts with acids, turning to brown several vegetable yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue.
  2. Soda ash; caustic soda, caustic potash, etc.
  3. (Western United States) Soluble mineral matter, other than common salt, contained in soils of natural waters.

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Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

alkali ‎(plural alkalis or alkalië)

  1. (chemistry) alkali

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Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alkali

  1. alkali

Declension[edit]

Inflection of alkali (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
nominative alkali alkalit
genitive alkalin alkalien
alkaleiden
alkaleitten
partitive alkalia alkaleita
alkaleja
illative alkaliin alkaleihin
singular plural
nominative alkali alkalit
accusative nom.? alkali alkalit
gen. alkalin
genitive alkalin alkalien
alkaleiden
alkaleitten
partitive alkalia alkaleita
alkaleja
inessive alkalissa alkaleissa
elative alkalista alkaleista
illative alkaliin alkaleihin
adessive alkalilla alkaleilla
ablative alkalilta alkaleilta
allative alkalilleˣ alkaleilleˣ
essive alkalina alkaleina
translative alkaliksi alkaleiksi
instructive alkalein
abessive alkalitta alkaleitta
comitative alkaleineen