German

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: german and Germán

English[edit]

Wiktionary
German edition of Wiktionary
English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Germānus, Germānī (“the peoples of Germānia”), as distinct from Gauls (in the writings of Caesar and Tacitus), and of uncertain ultimate origin (possibly Celtic/Gaulish).

Not related to german or germane (from the Latin adjective germānus, through Old French).

Attested since at least 1520. Replaced the older terms Almain and Dutch in English.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

German (countable and uncountable, plural Germans)

  1. (countable) A native or inhabitant of Germany; a person of German citizenship or nationality.
  2. A member of the Germanic ethnic group which is the most populous ethnic group in Germany; a person of German descent.
  3. (historical) A member of a Germanic tribe.
    Synonym: Teuton
    Rome was sacked by Germans and the Western Roman Empire collapsed.
  4. A German wine.
    • 1996, Jim Ainsworth, Passport's Guide to Britain's Best Restaurants:
      The wine list harbours some great bottles, mature clarets and Burgundies as well as a clutch of fine Germans (gold-dust these days in restaurants) []
  5. (uncountable, US printing, rare, dated) A size of type between American and Saxon, 1+12-point type.

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Proper noun[edit]

German

  1. (uncountable) An Indo-European (Indo-Germanic) language, primarily spoken in Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, South Tyrol, Switzerland, Luxembourg, and a small part of Belgium.
    Synonym: High German
    German has three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.
  2. A surname​.

Derived terms[edit]

Terms derived from German (noun)

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

German (comparative more German, superlative most German or Germanest)

  1. Of or relating to the nation of Germany.
    • 2001, Donald L. Niewyk, The Jews in Weimar Germany, →ISBN, page 31:
      In Prussia, always the most progressive of the German states during the Weimar years and a stronghold of the two parties, Jews could be found in virtually all administrative departments [] .
  2. Of or relating to the natives or inhabitants of Germany; to people of German descent.
    Her German husband has blond hair.
    • 2005 May 23, Gavriel D. Rosenfeld, The World Hitler Never Made: Alternate History and the Memory of Nazism[1], Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 182:
      If Demandt's essay served as a strident example of the German desire for normalcy, a more subtle example was provided by a brief allohistorical depiction of a Nazi victory in World War II written by German historian Michael Salewski in 1999.
  3. Of, in or relating to the German language.
    We take German classes twice a week.
    Because the instructions were German, Yves couldn't read them.
    • 1816, George Henry Noehden, A Grammar of the German Language, 3rd edition, page 3:
      In this manner there existed, about the time of the Reformation, three grand divisions of the German language, viz. the Upper German (Ober Deutsch), the Low German (Nieder Deutsch, or Platt Deutsch), and lastly the High German (Hoch Deutsch).
    • 1838, Joseph Bosworth, A Dictionary of the Anglo-saxon Language, page xiii:
      To trace its progress, it will be necessary to enter into detail, and to examine the German language in its two great divisions, the Low and High German.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Terms derived from German (adjective)

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

German n (genitive Germans, plural Germane)

  1. (organic chemistry) germane

Declension[edit]


Norman[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

German m

  1. A male given name

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡěrmaːn/
  • Hyphenation: Ger‧man

Proper noun[edit]

Gèrmān m (Cyrillic spelling Гѐрма̄н)

  1. German (member of a Germanic tribe)

Declension[edit]