ドイツ

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See also: どいつ

Japanese[edit]

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 ドイツ on Japanese Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Listed in some sources as deriving from Dutch Duits (German, adjective, noun).[1][2][3] Listed in others as a corruption of German deutsch (German, adjective) or Deutsch (German, noun).[4] Considering the history of cultural contact, the Dutch derivation is more likely.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

ドイツ (rōmaji Doitsu)

  1. Germany
    • 1996 February 25, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “だい四十四まく 「しんぱいよう [Act 44: “Nothing to Worry About”]”, in るろうにけんしん —めいけんかくまんたん [Rurōni Kenshin —Ballad of a Meiji Swordsroamer—], volume 6 (fiction, in Japanese), 3rd edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 4-08-871506-3, pages 95–96:
      いろいろと (かんが)えたのですが  (じつ)は  (わたし)  () () (ろう) ()れて独逸 (ドイツ) () (こと) ()めました
      Iroiro to kangaeta no desu ga jitsu wa watashi Yutarō o tsurete Doitsu e iku koto ni kimemashita
      To tell the truth, I’ve been agonizing over taking Yutarō to Germany
      独逸 (ドイツ)
      Doitsu
      Germany⁉
      独逸 (ドイツ)は  (いま)  () (かい)で一 (ばん) () (がく) (すす)んだ (くに)です そこで  () (りょう) (せん) (ねん)すればあるいは…と (おも)いまして
      Doitsu wa ima sekai de ichiban igaku ga susunda kuni desu soko de chiryō ni sennensureba arui wa… to omoimashita
      Germany is currently the leading nation in medicine, so I’ve been considering… pursuing a career in therapy
    • Himaruya, Hidekaz, “ヘタリアと愉快な仲間たち [Hetalia and Blissful Friends]”, in Axis Powers ヘタリア [Axis Powers Hetalia], volume 4 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Gentosha, ISBN 978-4-344-82234-4, page 10:
      ドイツ
      【首都】ベルリン
      【公用語】ドイツ語
      【国花】オウシュウナラ・ケンタウレア
      【国旗の意味】
      19世紀始め、ナポレオン軍との戦いに参戦した学生義勇軍の軍服の色を取り入れたもので、自由と統一を象徴。
      Doitsu
      [Shuto] Berurin
      [Kōyōgo] Doitsu-go
      [Kokka] Ōshūnara, kentaurea
      [Kokki no imi]
      Jūkyū seiki hajime, Naporeon-gun to no tatakai ni sansen shita Gakusei Giyūgun no gunpuku no iro o toriireta mono de, jiyū to tōitsu o shōchō.
      Germany
      [Capital] Berlin
      [Official language] German
      [National flower] European oak, centaurea
      [National flag’s meaning]
      In the early 19th century, the colors of the uniform of the Student Freikorps who fought against Napoleon’s army were adopted as a symbol of freedom and unity.

Usage notes[edit]

This kanji spelling 独逸 is rarely used in its full form, but its abbreviation is often used.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  2. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4000801112
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. ^ 1984, 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, “Encyclopedia Nipponica”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, relevant text online here.
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  6. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0