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From Middle English *Saxon, Saxoun, from Old French *Saxoun, Saxon (Saxon), from Late Latin Saxonem, accusative of Saxo (a Saxon), from Proto-Germanic *Sahsô, probably originally a derivative of Proto-Germanic *sahsą (rock, knife), from Proto-Indo-European *sek- (to cut). Cognate with Middle Low German Sasse (someone speaking Saxon, i.e. (Middle) Low German), Old English Seaxa (a Saxon), Old High German Sahso (a Saxon), Icelandic Saxi (a Saxon), Old English seax (a knife, hip-knife, an instrument for cutting, a short sword, dirk, dagger). More at sax.



Saxon (plural Saxons)

  1. A member of an ancient West Germanic tribe that lived at the eastern North Sea coast and south of it.
  2. A native or inhabitant of Saxony.
    • 2002, Jonathan Grix, Paul Cooke, East German distinctiveness in a unified Germany, page 142:
      [...] in West Germany Saxony and Saxons became synonymous with Ulbricht's Communist regime, [...]
    • 2005, Judd Stitziel, Fashioning socialism: clothing, politics, and consumer culture, page 69:
      The film taught that socialist competition, through encouraging the collaboration of both men and women and Saxons and Berliners, could overcome the natural antagonism between male industrial mass production and female fashion.
    • 2008, Eckbert Schulz-Schomburgk, From Leipzig to Venezuela, page 40:
      Dealing with people there was different from the way I dealt with Saxons, Berliners and others back in Leipzig.
  3. (uncountable, US printing, rare, dated) A size of type between German and Norse, 2-point type.
  4. (Ireland, Wales, poetic) An English/British person.
    • 1973, Sean McCarthy, Shanagolden (song):
      Then came the call to arms, love, the heather was aflame / Down from the silent mountains, the Saxon strangers came.
  5. A kind of rapidly spinning ground-based firework.

Derived terms[edit]


Proper noun[edit]


  1. The language of the ancient Saxons.
  2. The dialect of modern German spoken in Saxony.
    • 2014, Marco Polo, Dresden Marco Polo Guide ISBN 382970755X, page 21:
      Not everyone from the former GDR states are Saxons – and they do not all speak Saxon, []
    • 2014, Gaston Dorren, Lingo: A Language Spotter's Guide to Europe ISBN 1782831398:
      But does this mean that Germans nowadays speak Saxon? Far from it, in fact; Saxon is the most widely despised dialect in Germany, by a wide margin.
  3. A surname​.
  4. A male given name of modern usage, from the surname, or directly from the noun Saxon.



Saxon (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to the Saxons.
  2. Of or relating to Saxony.
  3. Of or relating to the Saxon language.
  4. (Ireland, Wales, poetic) Of or relating to England, typically as opposed to a Celtic nationality.


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]




Saxon m (plural Saxons, feminine Saxonne)

  1. Saxon (male person from Saxony)

Further reading[edit]