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From Middle English *Saxon, Saxoun, from Old French *Saxoun, Saxon (Saxon), from Late Latin Saxonem, accusative of Saxo (a Saxon), from Proto-Germanic *Sahsô, probably originally a derivative of Proto-Germanic *sahsą (rock, knife), from Proto-Indo-European *sÁk-, *sek- (to cut). Cognate with Middle Low German Sasse (someone speaking Saxon, i.e. (Middle) Low German), Old English Seaxa (a Saxon), Old High German Sahso (a Saxon), Icelandic Saxi (a Saxon), Old English seax (a knife, hip-knife, an instrument for cutting, a short sword, dirk, dagger). More at sax.



Saxon (plural Saxons)

  1. A member of an ancient West Germanic tribe that lived at the eastern North Sea cost and south of it.
  2. A native or inhabitant of Saxony.
    • 2002, Jonathan Grix, Paul Cooke, East German distinctiveness in a unified Germany, page 142:
      [...] in West Germany Saxony and Saxons became synonymous with Ulbricht's Communist regime, [...]
    • 2005, Judd Stitziel, Fashioning socialism: clothing, politics, and consumer culture, page 69:
      The film taught that socialist competition, through encouraging the collaboration of both men and women and Saxons and Berliners, could overcome the natural antagonism between male industrial mass production and female fashion.
    • 2008, Eckbert Schulz-Schomburgk, From Leipzig to Venezuela, page 40:
      Dealing with people there was different from the way I dealt with Saxons, Berliners and others back in Leipzig.
  3. (uncountable, US printing, rare, dated) A size of type between German and Norse, 2-point type.


Proper noun[edit]


  1. The language of the ancient Saxons.
  2. A surname​.
  3. A male given name of modern usage, from the surname, or directly from the noun Saxon.



Saxon (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to the Saxons.
  2. Of or relating to Saxony.
  3. Of or relating to the Saxon language.
  4. (Ireland, poetic) English/British.
    • Then came the call to arms, love, the heather was aflame / Down from the silent mountains, the Saxon strangers came.
      SHANAGOLDEN (Song) Sean McCarthy 1973.


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See also[edit]